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V2C10: Social Infrastructure, Employment And Human Development

TRENDS IN SOCIAL SECTOR EXPENDITURE The increase in expenditure on the social services sector affirms the commitment of the government towards social well-being. The expenditure on social services by Centre and States as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased by 1.5 percentage points from 6.2% to 7.7%, during the period 2014-15 to 2019-20 […]


Key Highlights of the Sector The services sector’s significance in the Indian economy has continued to increase, with the services sector now accounts for: around 55% of GVA and GVA growth; two-thirds of total FDI inflows into India; and about 38 % of total exports.   The share of services sector now exceeds 50% of […]

5th June – Editorials/Opinions Analyses

Contents Swiss cheese model and defence reforms Debtors need waivers that banks can’t afford The de-escalation road map for India and China SWISS CHEESE MODEL AND DEFENCE REFORMS Focus: GS-III Internal Security Understanding Swiss Cheese model in simple terms The Swiss cheese model is associated with accident investigation in an organisation or a system A […]


INDUSTRY Industrial sector performance is critical to achieving the ambitious goal of making India a five-trillion economy. The sector plays a decisive role in determining the overall growth of national output and employment through its backward and forward linkages with the other two sectors of the economy (namely; agriculture and services). It contributes close to […]


MAJOR HIGHLIGHTS Agriculture and its allied sectors play a significant role in the economic transformation of our country especially in the arena of rural livelihood, employment and national food security. It is still the largest source of livelihoods in India as 70% of its rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood (including […]


INTRODUCTION Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aims to achieve a sustainable future, free from social, economic, and environmental inequalities and ensure a greener and healthy planet for future generations. India’s performance in the composite SDG index has improved from 57 in 2018 to 60 in 2019. The SDG nexus approach helped India to attain these achievements. […]


IMPORTANT TERMS Cobweb theory:  The idea that price fluctuations can lead to fluctuations in supply which causes a cycle of rising and falling prices. Inflation: A general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money. Headline inflation:  Headline Inflation refers to the overall change in price level and is susceptible to supply […]

5th June Current Affairs

Contents Down to Earth’s State of the Environment report India, Australia broaden ties in Key Sectors SC on joint plea: Moratorium interest waiver Sixth mass extinction threat grows Plea to bring PM CARES Fund under RTI DOWN TO EARTH’S STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT REPORT Focus: GS-III Environment and Ecology, Disaster Management Why in news? India […]

PIB 4th June

Contents Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) – Annual Report 2018-19 TULIP – Urban Learning Internship Program World Environment Day Global Vaccine Summit 2020 PERIODIC LABOUR FORCE SURVEY (PLFS) – ANNUAL REPORT 2018-19 Focus: GS-III Indian Economy Why in news? Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) – Annual Report July, 2018 – June, 2019 and the Quarterly […]