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Current Affairs 16 July 2022


  1. National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2022
  2. Fundamental duties
  3. Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme
  4. Shanghai Cooperation Organization 

National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2022


The Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M), is yet again the top higher educational institute in the country .

  • This is the seventh consecutive edition of NIRF.


GS II- Education

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Highlights of  National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2022:
  2. About NIRF

Click Here To Read More: National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2022

Fundamental Duties


The Supreme Court has allowed the Centre’s request for two months’ time to file a reply to a petition seeking the enforcement of fundamental duties of citizens, including patriotism and unity of nation, through “comprehensive, and well-defined laws”.


GS II- Polity (Indian Constitution)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Details
  2. How were the fundamental duties incorporated in the Constitution?
  3. What are the fundamental duties of the citizen?

Click Here To Read More: Fundamental Duties

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme


According to recent guidelines issued by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme will be extended to all Districts.


GS-II: Social Justice and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What are the Guidelines?
  2. About Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
  3. Criticism of Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

Click Here To Read More: Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme

Shanghai Cooperation Organization


Iran and Belarus are likely to be the two newest additions to the China and Russia-backed Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) grouping.


GS II- International Relations

About Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO);-

  • It is a permanent intergovernmental international organization.
  • It’s creation was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.
  • It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St. Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002, and entered into force on 19 September 2003.
  • The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.
  • Its membership was expanded to include India and Pakistan in 2017.
  • The SCO also has four observer states i.e. Afghanistan, Iran, Belarus and Mongolia,  which may be inducted at a later date.
  • Headquarters:  Beijing, China.

March 2024