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Discrimination Against Women in Workplace

Context: The Supreme Court of India has strongly criticized an outdated and patriarchal notion, asserting that regulations penalizing female employees for marrying are unconstitutional. The court deemed the termination of employment based on marriage as a clear instance of gender discrimination and inequality, emphasizing that such patriarchal rules undermine human dignity, the right to non-discrimination, […]

Age limit For Surrogacy

Context: Recently, the Delhi High Court sought the Centre’s response within four weeks on a petition by a couple challenging the Surrogacy (Regulation) Act, 2021. Relevance: GS 2-Issues Related to Women, Government Policies & Interventions, Issues Arising Out of Design & Implementation of Policies, Social Empowerment GS4-Ethics Dimensions of the Article: About Surrogacy There are […]

Menstruation and Paid Leave

Context: The Sabrimala temple controversy dominated our collective awareness. It was incomprehensible that women experiencing menstruation were considered ‘impure’ and prohibited from entering the temple. This case underscored the ongoing struggle to eradicate discriminatory practices associated with menstruation and advance gender equality. However, advocating for paid leave during menstruation tends to undermine this effort. Relevance: […]

Women’s Participation in Peace Building

Context: A UN Peacekeeping Commander once noted that being a woman in an armed conflict may be more perilous than being a soldier. The current situation in Gaza serves as a stark illustration, with the death toll exceeding 25,000, and over 17,000 women and children having lost their lives by January 24. UNICEF has labelled Gaza as the […]

A Blurred Mapping of Internal Female Migration

Context: Internal migration holds significant importance as a vital aspect of physical and social movement in India. The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) has reported a migration rate of 27% from June 2020 to 2021. It is noteworthy that women, particularly those of working age, constitute a considerable portion of this migrant population. Despite this, there is a lack of […]

Emerging Countries Need Women-led Climate Action

Context: In 2021, the OECD said-“ Gender equality and environmental goals are mutually reinforcing and create a virtuous circle that will help accelerate the achievement of the SDGs [Sustainable Development Goals]”. Additionally, a study by the International Labour Organization in 2019 projected that by 2030, high temperatures would lead to a global loss of 2.2 percent of total working hours, equivalent to 80 million full-time jobs. Relevance: Mains Question: Emerging countries need women-led climate action. Elucidate. (15 marks, 250 words). Impact […]

Marginal Representation of Women in Politics and Bureaucracy

Context Due to social factors like being assigned to distant cadres, patriarchal conditioning, and the need to balance family obligations, women frequently choose to leave the civil service. Relevance GS Paper-1: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Mains Question What social factors […]

Women, Bussiness and Law Index

Context: As per the recent report by the World Bank, Women, on average, enjoy barely 77% of legal rights that men do. Relevance: GS Paper-1: Women Empowerment and related Issues. Dimensions of the Article: About Women, Business and the Law Index: Key Findings of the Index: Mechanisms Existing in India for Vulnerable Sections Constitutional Provisions […]


WISTEMM The Indo-U.S. Fellowship for Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Medicine (WISTEMM)”program of Department of Science and Technology(DST) in association with Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum (IUSSTF) have provided international exposure to several women scientists. Details of WISTEMM Around 20 women scientists have visited 20 leading institutions across the United States of America […]


Focus: GS-II Social Justice, Women Empowerment, Prelims Why in news? A mason, a centenarian athlete, Jharkhand’s “Lady Tarzan” and a “mushroom mahila” were among the 15 women awarded the Nari Shakti Puraskar by President Ram Nath Kovind, on 8th March 2020, on account of International Women’s Day. The government gives away the awards every year […]