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About The Mount Marapi

Context: Recently, Indonesia’s Mount Marapi in West Sumatra province erupted, spewing white-and-grey ash plumes for more than 3,000 metres (about 9,800 feet) into the air. Relevance: GS I: Geography Dimensions of the Article: Mount Marapi: Pacific Ring of Fire: -Source: The Hindu

Ozone Hole Detected over Antarctica

Context: According to a recent study, published in Nature Communications, stated that the Antarctic Ozone Hole has been massive in the last four years. Relevance: GS I- Geography Dimensions of the Article: What is Ozone Layer and what are Ozone Holes? What are Ozone Holes? Ozone creation and destruction Ozone Holes Grow and Shrink Every Year: Causes […]

About The Southern Annular Mode

Context: Recently, the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) discovered that the Southern Annular Mode (SAM), an important climate pattern, plays a pivotal role in shaping sea conditions across the Indian Ocean. Relevance: GS I: Geography Dimensions of the Article: Southern Annular Mode (SAM): Understanding Antarctic Oscillation Characteristics: SAM Modes: Positive SAM: Negative […]

Once-in-a-Century Floods in East Africa

Context: The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has characterized the recent floods in Somalia and neighboring East African countries as a once-in-a-century event. The floods, triggered by torrential rainfall and influenced by climatic factors like El Niño and the Indian Ocean Dipole, have displaced hundreds of thousands of people. The impact […]

About The Leonid Meteor Shower

Context: Many skywatchers in India and around the globe are poised for a cosmic treat—the Leonid Meteor Shower, which has already been underway since November 6, is set to reach its peak in the pre-dawn hours of November 17–18, 2023. Relevance: GS I: Geography Dimensions of the Article: Leonid Meteor Shower: Formation of Dust Cloud: […]

About The Mount Etna Volcano 

Context: The Mount Etna volcano began erupting again on the island of Sicily, sending ash miles into the sky. Relevance: GS I: Geography Dimensions of the Article: Mount Etna Eruption Characteristics Diverse Styles: Comparison with Other Volcanoes Duration of Activity: Examples: Why do volcanoes erupt? Some famous volcanoes Here are some famous volcanoes in the […]

What are Auroras?

Context: NASA recently shared an incredible picture of an aurora captured from the International Space Station. Relevance: GS I: Geography Dimensions of the Article: Formation of Auroras: Carbon Dioxide Aurora: -Source: Indian express  

Climate Services Report 2023

Context: Recently, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) released Climate Services report 2023. Relevance: GS I: Geography Dimensions of the Article: Report Findings on Climate-Health Integration World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) History: Headquarters and Membership: Governance Structure: The governance structure of WMO comprises several key bodies responsible for policy-making, decision-making, and the day-to-day operations of the organization: […]

Lower Subansiri Hydroelectric Project

Context: A landslide has damaged part of the under-construction 2000 MW Lower Subansiri Hydroelectric project in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam which has affected the flow in the Subansiri river downstream. Relevance: GS I: Geography Dimensions of the Article: Subansiri Hydel Project Incident: Hydel Project Operations: Recent Setback: Blockage of Diversion Tunnel: Central Electricity Authority’s (CEA) Recommendation: […]

Southern Peninsular India: Sixth Driest October in 123 Years

Context: The India Meteorological Department (IMD) recent analysis regarding the rainfall patterns in Southern peninsular India, spanning 123 years of records, exposed that the region encountered its sixth driest October in its meteorological history. Relevance: GS I: Geography Dimensions of the Article: Factors Influencing Rainfall Deficiency in Southern Peninsular India Confluence of Northeast Monsoon and Cyclone Hamoon: El […]