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Current Affairs 22 July 2022

CONTENTS

  1. 15th President of India
  2. One year since the Pegasus spyware revelations
  3. NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index, 2022
  4. Synthetic Biology
  5. Serotonin theory of depression

 15th President of India


Context:

Former Jharkhand Governor and National Democratic Alliance (NDA) candidate Droupadi Murmu was elected the 15th President of India, the first tribal woman to be appointed to the position and the youngest as well.

Relevance:

GS II- Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. How is the President elected?
  2. Qualifications for Election as President
  3. What is the value of each vote and how is it calculated?
  4. What is required to secure a victory?

Click Here To Read More:  15th President of India


One Year Since the Pegasus Spyware Revelations


Context:

The Supreme Court will be hearing the case pertaining to the alleged use of the Pegasus spyware software later this month.

Relevance:

GS-III: Internal Security Challenges (Basics of Cyber Security; Role of media and social-networking sites in internal security challenges; Internal security challenges through communication networks), GS-II: Polity and Constitution (Constitutional Provisions, Fundamental Rights, Important Judgements)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About the Pegasus Project
  2. How dangerously compromising is Pegasus?
  3. What is a spyware and what are other similar types of Cyber Attacks?
  4. Pegasus in the news in the past
  5. About the Pegasus Attacks in India

Click Here To Read More: One Year Since the Pegasus Spyware Revelations


NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index, 2022


Context:

Karnataka has bagged the top rank in NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index, 2022, which determines innovation capacities and ecosystems at the sub-national level.

Relevance:

GS II- Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About India Innovation Index
  2. Highlights of India Innovation Index 2022
  3. Report recommended measures

Click Here To Read More: NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index, 2022


Synthetic Biology


Context:

As per study by USA, due to climate change one-third of all animal and plant species on the planet could face extinction by 2070.

  • Environmentalists consider synthetic biology or ‘synbio’ as a potential tool to preserve biodiversity and restore the natural ecosystem.

Relevance:

GS III- Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is Synthetic Biology?
  2. Difference between synthetic biology and genome editing:
  3. Applications of synthetic biology

Click Here To Read More: Synthetic Biology


Serotonin Theory of Depression


Context:

For decades, a “chemical imbalance” in the brain, especially that of a chemical called serotonin, has been widely seen to be responsible for depression — a view that has promoted the use of antidepressants as part of the treatment for the condition.

  • Researchers from University College London who carried out a “comprehensive review of the major strands of research on serotonin” have now reported that “there is no convincing evidence that depression is associated with, or caused by, lower serotonin concentrations or activity”.

Relevance:

GS III- Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is the serotonin theory of depression?
  2. What exactly is serotonin?
  3. What is the conclusion of the new research?

Click Here To Read More: Serotonin Theory of Depression


 


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