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challenge of schooling India’s offline millions

Why in news? A whopping 1.6 billion young people, or about 90% of the world’s student population, were shut out of school and university due to measures to contain covid-19 in the month of April. Education emergency 9.7 million children are affected by school closures and face the risk of never going back to class, […]

China’s policy dilemma

Why in news? Military stand-off at the LAC has triggered multi-dimensional fight between India and China. Post de-escalation there are various theories in China over the future of China’s policy towards India. The vision of Assertive China Various factions in China believe that, present conflict is not an “accident” but an “inevitable result” of “India’s […]


Focus: GS-II International Relations Why in news? Iranian government has decided to proceed with the construction of rail line from Chabahar port to Zahedan, on its own without India’s support Reason for Exclusion of India from the project Iran has cited delays from the Indian side in funding and starting the project as the reason. […]

U.S. rejects Beijing’s claims in South China Sea

Why in news? Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Monday the United States would treat Beijing’s pursuit of resources in the dispute­d South China Sea as illegal  The United States has long rejected Beijing’s sweeping claims in the South China Sea, which is both home to valuable oil and gas deposits and is a […]

EU, India to meet on resuming FTA negotiations

Why in news? Seven years after talks on a free trade agreement were suspended, India and the European Union (EU) are set to agree on a “high­ level dialogue on trade and investment India EU relations India-EU relations date to the early 1960s, with India being amongst the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with […]

Move to map COVID-­19 after effects

Why in news? There were indications of COVID­ 19 induced diabetes among recovered patients. There was a move to collect the data on this globally to understand the effect of this relatively new and evolving virus Findings of the study The stress on the body associated with this virus could lead to long and short […]

Afghanistan–Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement (APTTA)

Why in news? Pakistan has allowed Afghanistan to send goods to India using the Wagah border. The decision is a part of Islamabad’s commitment under the Afghanistan-Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement (APTTA) About the agreement The APTTA is a bilateral trade agreement signed in 2010 by Pakistan and Afghanistan. It calls for greater facilitation in the […]

Voluntary National Review (VNR) of SDGs

Why in news? The NITI Aayog has recently presented India’s second Voluntary National Review at the UN’s High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development, 2020. India VNR 2020 NITI Aayog prepared and presented India’s first VNR in 2017. The report is a comprehensive account of the adoption and implementation of the 2030 Agenda in India. […]

PRAGYATA guidelines

These guidelines have been developed from the perspective of learners, with a focus on online/blended/digital education for students who are presently at home due to lockdown. It provides a roadmap or pointers for carrying forward online education to enhance the quality of education. The guidelines will be relevant and useful for a diverse set of stakeholders […]