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Social Audit of MGNREGA Scheme

Context: The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), a fundamental component of India’s social welfare initiatives, has been marred by persistent concerns regarding a high incidence of corruption. Although the program incorporates mechanisms, such as social audit units, recent statistics reveal disappointing outcomes in terms of fund recovery and overall effectiveness. Relevance: GS […]

UNCTAD’s Review of Maritime Transport 2023

Context: The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has published the Review of Maritime Transport 2023, focusing on the problem of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in international shipping and the difficulties associated with decarbonizing the industry. Relevance: GS II: International Relations Dimensions of the Article: Key Highlights of the Review on Global Shipping […]

Bihar Caste Survey

Context: At a time when the political parties are vying with each other for the OBC vote in the coming elections, Bihar government revealed the results of its caste survey on Gandhi Jayanti (October 2). Relevance: GS I: Society Dimensions of the Article: Findings of the Bihar Caste Survey Population Distribution Survey Methodology and History Survey […]

Glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF)

Context: At least 10 people have been killed and 80, including 23 Army personnel, are missing in Sikkim after the South Lhonak Lake – a glacial lake situated in the state’s northwest at 17,000 ft – burst due to incessant rains. This resulted in the rise of water levels in (downstream areas) Teesta River that […]

Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2023

Context: The 2023 Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to Moungi G. Bawendi, Louis E. Brus and Alexei I. Ekimov for the discovery and synthesis of quantum dots. These nanoparticles have wide-ranging applications across fields like electronics, advanced surgery, and quantum computing. Relevance: GS III: Science and Technology Dimensions of the Article: Quantum Dots: A […]

Retribution for the South, Accolade for the North

Context: In the context of India’s federal democracy, the political and economic significance of a state is closely tied to its relative population size. The robust linguistic identities and regional renaissances in the southern states have propelled them to greater heights in various development spheres compared to their northern counterparts. Notably, population control in the […]

Pardhis: The Traditional Custodians of Cheetahs

Context: Recently, cheetahs were reintroduced in Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh, marking a major milestone for the $5 million translocation project. In this context, the ‘pardhis’ possess knowledge that has the potential to greatly augment the scope and efficiency of our conservation initiatives. Relevance: GS3- Environment- Conservation, Biodiversity Mains Question: Analyse the significance and risks associated […]


Context: India and Bangladesh commenced the 11th edition of exercise SAMPRITI on 03rd October 2023 in Umroi, Meghalaya. Relevance: GS III: Security Challenges Exercise SAMPRITI: Enhancing India-Bangladesh Defense Cooperation

Key Features of Samudra Prahari

Context: The Indian Coast Guard Ship Samudra Prahari, a Pollution Control Vessel, has commenced an overseas deployment to ASEAN countries, including Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia, from September 11 to October 14, 2023, as part of an initiative announced during the ASEAN Defence Minister Meeting Plus meeting in November 2022. Relevance: GS III: Defence Dimensions of […]