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Separation of Power and Independence of Judiciary for UPSC Exam

Relevance: GS Paper 2: Separation of Powers (between different organs, dispute redressal mechanisms, institutions); Judiciary (structure, organisation functioning) Mains Questions: Do you think that constitution of India does not accept principle of strict separation of powers rather it is based on the principle of ‘checks and balance’? Explain. 15 marks The judiciary is the important […]

India-China Relations post Covid19: Notes for UPSC Exam

India and China wrote history when the informal summit was announced to be held at Wuhan. Following the announcement,  Indian Prime minister and Chinese President met at the city of Wuhan on 27th April 2018. This meeting was intended to exchange the views on overarching issues of bilateral and global importance. They Shared the view […]

Comparison of Indian Constitution with British constitution for UPSC Exam

FEATURE BRITISH INDIAN Nature Unwritten Written Constitution and lengthiest Amendability Flexible and can be amended by 50% of the members present and voting Hybrid of Rigid and flexible DPSP and Duties Absent Present Origin Seen evolutionary development and not formed by a constituent assembly Was formed by constituent assembly Federalism Unitary in character – All […]

Indian constitution vs USA constitution for UPSC Exam

While American Constitution is the shortest (of any major government in the world) and the first written constitution, India’s Constitution is the lengthiest written constitution in the World. FEATURE INDIA USA Adopted 26th November 1949 17th July 1787 Nature Quasi – federal and works on cooperative federalism Truly federal – the Centre and state are […]

Union territories in India for UPSC Exam

Under Article 1 of the Constitution, the territory of India comprises three categories of territories: (a) Territories of the states (b) Union territories (c) Territories that may be acquired by the Government of India at any time. At present, there are Eight union territories and no acquired territories. The union territories are those areas which […]

Explained: Labour Laws Reforms for UPSC Exam

That the archaic labour laws in India need to be amended is beyond debate. They have protected only a tiny section of the labour force, facilitated rent-seeking, and have laid the ground for the casualisation of the labour force, the phenomenon of the missing middle in manufacturing, and the substitution of capital for labour in […]

Constitutional position of President of India for UPSC Exam

As per question asking the constitutional position of the President ,the constitution of India says. Article 52 said that there shall be a President of India and he will be the first citizen of India. Article 53 said that all the executive power of the Union shall be vested in the President and he is the supreme power […]

Vulnerable Sections – LGBT Community

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons have historically faced and continue to face discrimination and violence around the world. According to 2011 census, almost six lakh transgender people live in India. Issues • Social discrimination, deprivation of liberty, lack of employment and educational opportunities, limited access to health care etc. • Forced or bonded […]

Vulnerable Sections- Minorities

The Constitution of India does not define the term “minorities” anywhere but only mentions it in some Articles 29 to 30 and 350A to 350B.  Article 29 referring to minorities speaks of “any section of citizens having a distinctlanguage, script and culture”. Article 30 speaks about two categories of minorities – religious and linguistic – […]