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International Organization related to Environment

Global Environment Facility (GEF) Established : The Global Environment Facility was established in October 1991 during Rio Earth Summit as a $1 billion pilot program in the World Bank to assist in the protection of the global environment and to promote environmental sustainable development.   Headquarter: Washington Key Functions: The Global Environment Facility (GEF) unites 183 countries […]

National Technology Day: 11 May

The day is a significant milestone in the history of India’s technological innovations as India successfully tested nuclear bombs in Pokhran on May 11, 1998. The National Technology Day was named by the late Prime Minister Atal Bihari Bajpayee on May 11 as a reminder of India’s technological achievements. On May 11, 1998, India successfully […]

Government Schemes in Environment for UPSC

Compensatory Afforestation Fund In 2006, adhoc CAMPA was established for the management of Compensatory afforestation fund. CAMPA Act: To compensate the loss of forest area and to maintain the sustainability, the Government of India came up with a well-defined Act, known as CAMPA (Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority). The law establishes the National Compensatory Afforestation […]

Species in News for UPSC Prelims 2020

Living Root Bridge in Meghalaya What are the Jing Kieng Jri or Living Root Bridges? The living root bridges are aerial bridges built by weaving and manipulating the roots of the Indian Rubber Tree. They are handmade by the Khasi and Jaintia tribes. They serve as a bridge for crossing streams and rivers for generations […]

India State of Forest Report 2019

India State of Forest Report 2019 The India state of Forest report is published by the Forest Survey of India (FSI). FSI has been mandated to assess the forest and tree resources of the country including wall-to-wall forest cover mapping in a biennial cycle. Starting 1987, 16 assessment have been completed so far. ISFR 2019 […]

Conferences, Conventions, Protocols in Environment and Ecology

What is the difference between a protocol, a treaty, and a convention? The difference between a protocol, treaty, and convention is: (1) Protocol: A protocol is an agreement that diplomatic negotiators formulate and sign as the basis for a final convention or treaty. The treaty itself may not be completed for many years. (2) Treaty: A treaty is […]

Wildlife Protection Act 1972 for UPSC Exam | Legacy IAS

Wildlife Protection Act 1972 On 5th June 1972: UN Conference on Human Environment in Stockholm. That is why, 5th June came to be celebrated all over the world as World Environment Day.  India took big step by enacting The Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. Constitutional Provisions Article 48-A : “The State shall endeavour to protect […]

Investment models in Planning

Models Used in the Planning Process   Harrod – Domar Growth Model  Mahalanobis Strategy of Economic Growth   Planning Model Adopted in India  Infrastructure Investment Models   Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in Infrastructure   EPC MODEL   Swiss Challenge Model  Hybrid Annuity Model  Models of Foreign Investment  Foreign Direct Investment   Foreign Institutional Investors  Harrod – Domar Growth Model  Harrod and Domar […]

Purchasing Managers Index

The Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. For India, the PMI Data is published by Japanese firm Nikkei but compiled and constructed by Markit Economics.  Purchasing Managers Index  India’s manufacturing conditions improved in June at the strongest pace in 2018 so far.  For India, the PMI […]

RBI’s Autonomy

  What’s the issue?  The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the government give the impression that they are not on the same page even as far as an understanding of their roles is concerned. The RBI suggests that its independence is being violated while the government rationalises its intervention in terms of its concern for […]