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International Organization related to Environment

Global Environment Facility (GEF) Established : The Global Environment Facility was established in October 1991 during Rio Earth Summit as a $1 billion pilot program in the World Bank to assist in the protection of the global environment and to promote environmental sustainable development.   Headquarter: Washington Key Functions: The Global Environment Facility (GEF) unites 183 countries […]

Rock Agama Study Reveals

Context The presence of these ectotherms indicates warmer patches in the city, presence of insects. Relevance GS Paper 3: Biodiversity Conservation Mains Question What exactly is a wetland? Explain the Ramsar concept of “wise use” in relation to wetland conservation. Give two Ramsar sites in India as examples. (150 Words) The Survey The Peninsular Rock […]

The Phenomenon of Coral Bleaching

Context The management authority of the world’s largest coral reef system, Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, confirmed on March 25 that the reef is experiencing a mass coral bleaching event. Relevance GS-III: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Dimensions of the Article What are Coral Reefs? How do they feed themselves? What is Coral […]

Species in News for UPSC Prelims 2020

Living Root Bridge in Meghalaya What are the Jing Kieng Jri or Living Root Bridges? The living root bridges are aerial bridges built by weaving and manipulating the roots of the Indian Rubber Tree. They are handmade by the Khasi and Jaintia tribes. They serve as a bridge for crossing streams and rivers for generations […]

India State of Forest Report 2019

India State of Forest Report 2019 The India state of Forest report is published by the Forest Survey of India (FSI). FSI has been mandated to assess the forest and tree resources of the country including wall-to-wall forest cover mapping in a biennial cycle. Starting 1987, 16 assessment have been completed so far. ISFR 2019 […]


Of the 800 species in India, Bengaluru has more than 125 species with Lalbagh accounting for nearly 60 There are 11,931 species of ants the world over, varying in size from 40 mm to 1 mm. About 25 per cent of the total insect biomass of this world is made up of ants Ants are […]


Details: At the recent meeting of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP 14), a researcher from the Indian delegation pronounced desertification as the primary cause of the extinction of the cheetah (and also the still-extant great Indian bustard) in India. Two idiosyncratic traits of the animal undeniably […]


Why in news? It was the first reported sighting of the fastest bird in the world in the capital city Also Known as Indian Peregrine Falcon, it is the fastest bird in the world Peregrine falcons are usually found along mountain ranges and river valleys, but it is not unusual to find them in cities, […]