Hindenburg Research Company Is Owned by Whom? How Many Companies Has Hindenburg Targeted?

How and when was Hindenburg Founded? Founded in 2017 by Nathan Anderson, Hindenburg Research is a forensic financial research firm which analyses equity, credit and derivatives. On its website, Hindenburg says it looks for “man-made disasters,” such as accounting irregularities, mismanagement and undisclosed related-party transactions. The company invests its own capital.   It was named […]

NEER Vs REER Explained: Understanding How Currencies Are Compared to a Basket of Trading Partners

Relevance: GS Paper 3, Indian Economy   Q. With reference to the Indian economy, consider the following statements:1. An increase in Nominal Effective Exchange Rate (NEER) indicates the appreciation of rupee.2. An increase in the Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) indicates an improvement in trade competitiveness.3. An increasing trend in domestic inflation relative to inflation in […]

UPSC Prelims Environment and Ecology Questions [2013-2022]

In this article, we bring you a comprehensive collection of UPSC prelims previous year’s environment and ecology questions from 2013 to 2022 along with their solutions.   This resource is an excellent tool for those who are preparing for the UPSC Prelims 2023 and 2024 exams and seeking to revise and enhance their knowledge in […]

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-II Strategy, Syllabus & Structure

In General Studies Paper-II, questions are asked on Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International relations.   The paper is part of the UPSC Mains examination which is the second stage of the UPSC Civil Services Exam. It is one of the qualifying papers.   Most of the questions asked in this paper are analysis-based […]

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 4 Strategy, Syllabus & Structure

General Studies paper-IV on Ethics, integrity, and aptitude is an important paper in mains examination. UPSC Mains examination is the second stage of the UPSC Civil Services Exam. It is one of the qualifying papers. “This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public […]

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-III Strategy, Syllabus & Structure

In General Studies Paper-III, questions are asked on Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management.   The paper is part of the UPSC Mains examination which is the second stage of the UPSC Civil Services Exam. It is one of the qualifying papers. More dynamic questions are asked in this paper and there […]

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 – Syllabus, Strategy & Structure

UPSC Mains is the second stage of the Civil services Exam. Aspirants who obtain the required cut-off qualify to write Mains. General Studies Paper-1 is one of the Paper in the UPSC Mains examination. Major topics under G.S.   Paper 1 include Indian history, World History, Indian Society, Culture, and Geography. Most of these topics […]

Everything You Need To Know About NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed in 1949. This article talks about NATO and its importance for the IAS Exam   International organisations and groupings are an important part of the International Relations section of the General Studies paper-2 in the […]

The Khalistan Movement and Operation Blue Star

  The Khalistan Movement is a significant chapter in the history of India, particularly in the state of Punjab. The movement aimed to create a separate Sikh state, known as Khalistan, which would be an independent nation for the Sikh community.   The movement started in the 1970s and gained momentum in the 1980s, leading […]

Mathematics as an Optional for UPSC?

Success rate for Mathematics optional is approximately around 7% per annum like FD. Which means 7 in 100 students choosing this optional get selected for the service. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts one of the most challenging and prestigious exams in the country, the Civil Services Examination (CSE).   The CSE consists of […]