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Current Affairs 20 September 2022

CONTENTS

  1. Death penalty: SC moots fair hearing
  2. Ethereum’s Merge event
  3. PM PRANAM scheme
  4. SC quota for Dalit Muslims and Christians
  5. Plant Treaty

Death Penalty: SC Moots Fair Hearing


Context:

The Supreme Court on Monday referred to a Constitution Bench the question of how to provide accused in death penalty cases a “meaningful, real and effective” hearing of their mitigating circumstances before a trial judge.

Relevance:

GS-II: Polity and Constitution (Judiciary, Important Judgements)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is Death Penalty/Capital Punishment?
  2. Capital Punishment in India
  3. Bachan Singh vs. State of Punjab (1980) judgement on Capital Punishment
  4. How capital punishment goes against the Principle of Natural justice?
  5. Bringing up Collective conscience of society
  6. What is Collective Conscience of Society?
  7. J.S. Verma Committee and A P Shah Committee

Click Here To Read More: Death Penalty: SC Moots Fair Hearing


Ethereum’s Merge event


Context:

Recently, the Ethereum blockchain fully transitioned to a new way of processing transactions. This is an important day for crypto trackers as the Ethereum’s Merge event, as it is known, could change the nature of crypto and Web3 itself.

Relevance:

GS II: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is Ethereum?
  2. Why is there a need for a new mechanism?
  3. Significance of the merge
  4. Which other cryptocurrencies are changing to proof-of-stake now?

Click Here To Read More: Ethereum’s Merge event


PM PRANAM Scheme


Context:

In order to reduce the use of chemical fertilisers by incentivising states, the Union government plans to introduce a new scheme – PM PRANAM, which stands for PM Promotion of Alternate Nutrients for Agriculture Management Yojana.

Relevance:

GS II: Government Policies and Intervention

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is the PM PRANAM scheme?
  2. Why is the scheme being introduced?

Click Here To Read More: PM PRANAM Scheme


SC Quota for Dalit Muslims and Christians


Context:

The Centre is likely to soon decide on setting up a national commission to study the social, economic and educational status of Dalits who converted to religions other than Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism.

  • Several petitions are pending before the Supreme Court seeking Scheduled Caste (SC) reservation benefits for Dalits who converted to Christianity or Islam.

Relevance:

GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Why don’t Dalits who convert to Christianity and Islam get quota benefits?
  2. Does this religion-based bar apply to converted STs and OBCs as well?
  3. What efforts have been made to include Muslims and Christians of Dalit origin among SCs?

Click Here To Read More: SC Quota for Dalit Muslims and Christians


Plant Treaty


Context:

The ninth session of the governing body of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) has recently begun in New Delhi.

Relevance:

GS II: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and agreements involving India


Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is the Plant Treaty?
  2. Aims
  3. Key provisions

Click Here To Read More; Plant Treaty


 

 

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