E-NAM, the Electronic National Agriculture Market, was introduced in April 2016 as a nationwide trading platform.
It aims to establish a unified national market for agricultural products by integrating Agriculture Produce Market Committees (APMC).
The initiative is led by the Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Government of India.

Advantages of e-NAM:

  • Enhanced Marketing: E-NAM targets agricultural sector marketing improvement by implementing a single state-wide license and a unified point of levy.
  • Profit Facilitation: The platform has demonstrated its transformative potential since its inception:
  • Enhanced Profits: E-NAM facilitates higher profits through improved marketing strategies.
  • Real-time Price Information: Real-time price information encourages healthy competition among buyers and empowers farmers in negotiations.
  • Unified Market: E-NAM has connected 585 mandis across 16 states and 2 Union territories, revolutionizing India’s agricultural trade.
  • Diverse Commodities: Trading spans 150 commodities, with transactions exceeding Rs 52,173 crore.

Legal Reforms: E-NAM’s significant changes to state agricultural marketing laws include:

  • Introduction of electronic trading
  • Single trading licenses valid across all state mandis
  • Implementation of a single window levy for transaction fees

Direct Farmer Benefits: By eliminating intermediaries, E-NAM ensures improved deals for farmers.

Reduced Transaction Costs: E-NAM leads to reduced transaction costs, benefitting both farmers and traders.

Streamlined Licensing: The introduction of a single license applicable to all connected mandis simplifies trade procedures.

Quality Assurance: Quality testing procedures are introduced for both buyers and sellers.

Progress and Expansion:

  • Widening Scope: E-NAM opens new avenues for farmers to sell produce in neighboring mandis or even across state boundaries.
  • Inter-State Transactions: Inter-State trading, exemplified by transactions between Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh, further extend the platform’s reach.
  • Universal License Adoption: The government advocates for universal licenses to enable seamless trading across states.
  • Inter-State Dashboard: An inter-state dashboard on the E-NAM platform promotes cross-border trade.
  • Initiatives for Adoption: The government takes steps to enhance E-NAM’s usability:
    • Simplified farmer registration
    • Diverse payment options
    • Availability of the portal in multiple languages.

Challenges and Improvement:

  • Trading License Barriers: Inhibited by the absence of trading licenses for traders from non-home states.
  • Quality Assurance: Quality assessment gaps limit assurance for potential buyers.
  • Traditional Auction Practices: Some mandis still employ traditional auction methods and enter data into E-NAM post-transaction.

E-NAM’s numerous benefits drive increased farmer and trader engagement. Growing trader and APMC registrations, along with rising transactions, underscore its transformative impact. E-NAM’s role will expand, benefiting consumers through price stability and availability. However, addressing challenges like trading licenses and quality assurance is crucial for E-NAM’s continued success.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish May 3, 2024