The Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) technology enables a single missile to target multiple locations that can be hundreds of kilometers apart.

India’s latest version of the Agni-5 missile is equipped with MIRV technology.
Currently, only a few countries, namely the United States, Russia, China, France, and the United Kingdom, possess MIRV-equipped missiles.


Lethality of MIRV Technology:

  • Unlike traditional missiles, which carry a single warhead, MIRV-equipped missiles can carry multiple warheads.
  • These warheads can be released from the missile at varying speeds and directions, allowing for multiple targets to be hit simultaneously.
  • The development of MIRV technology is complex and requires large missiles, compact warheads, precise guidance systems, and advanced mechanisms to sequentially release the warheads during flight.

Strategic Implications for India:

  • The Agni-5 missile, equipped with MIRV technology, enhances India’s strategic deterrence by allowing it to strike multiple targets across a wide geographical area.
  • This capability is crucial for India’s national security, given the evolving regional security dynamics and the need to maintain a credible deterrent.


MIRV technology, which allows a single missile to carry and deploy multiple warheads, remains a sophisticated capability possessed by only a few countries, including the United States, Russia, China, the United Kingdom, and France.

India’s successful test of the Agni-5 ballistic missile, equipped with MIRV technology, marks a significant advancement in its missile capabilities.

This upgrade not only enhances India’s strike capabilities but also strengthens its strategic defense posture, including its nuclear deterrence.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish June 14, 2024