The “blue revolution” signifies the remarkable rise of aquaculture as a pivotal and highly productive agricultural pursuit. This revolution plays a pivotal role in India’s pursuit of economic prosperity, aiding fishers, fish farmers, and contributing to food security while addressing bio-security and environmental concerns.

Problems of Pisciculture Development in India:

High Input Cost:

  • Input costs for fish production are elevated, particularly due to expensive fish feed and labor-intensive net cleaning.

Social Constraints:

  • Norms and religious beliefs have hindered the participation of certain groups, particularly women, in pisciculture activities.
  • Lack of societal recognition has dissuaded families from encouraging their members to take up fish farming, seen as a less prestigious occupation.

Data Deficiency:

  • Inadequate reliable databases regarding aquatic and fisheries resources in India.
  • Absence of effective government policies and enforcement mechanisms to regulate seed and feed quality.

Financial Shortcomings:

  • Limited financial backing for pisciculture and inadequate infrastructure for product transportation and marketing.

Labor Limitations:

  • Multiple pond water usages, especially for domestic needs, impede commercial fish farming.
  • Land ownership disputes and diverging opinions hinder development.
  • Conflicts over water area ownership further complicate matters.

Technological Challenges:

  • Limited value addition to fish products for increased profitability.
  • Domestic market constraints for processed fish products.
  • Complex fish production technology, hindered by insufficient input availability, inadequate technology, and lack of scientific management knowledge.

Strategies for Pisciculture Development in India:

  • Ecological and Economic Sustainability: Investigate ecological and economic sustainability of brackish aquaculture for export-driven growth.
  • Technological Advancements: Enhance breeding technology, disease control, nutrition, and low-impact production methods while integrating traditional knowledge.
  • Policy Formulation: Develop public and private policies for financial aid, skill enhancement, and promoting sustainable practices.
  • Technology Integration: Utilize information technology for improved planning and monitoring.
  • Sustainable Aquaculture: Promote brackish aquaculture only in suitable areas, using remote sensing and GIS to mitigate ecological and social issues.
  • Regulatory Measures: Establish legal and institutional frameworks for controlling aquaculture in ecologically sensitive zones, enforced by local authorities.
  • Biosecurity Measures: Enforce quarantine on fish seed and feed to prevent disease transmission and unwanted species introduction.
  • Financial Support: Strengthen credit flow to aquaculture, adhering to ecological and regulatory considerations.
  • Enhanced Data Management: Improve current database for effective freshwater and brackish water aquaculture planning.

India’s substantial fish diversity and its second global rank in fish production underline its potential to combat food insecurity through pisciculture. Embracing eco-friendly practices that harmonize with socio-environmental needs is pivotal for achieving sustainable aquaculture. As the country navigates the challenges, a comprehensive and informed approach will pave the way for the continued success of the blue revolution.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish April 18, 2024