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Structure of the Essay:


You can start the introduction through following ways:

  • Start with a general introduction/an anecdote/an example/a short story/a poem/ etc. about Virtue and its importance.
  • Define Virtue, Vice and Conscience through various philosophical theories and quotes from philosophers.


Thesis Statement:

  • It is a transition statement between introduction and body of the essay.
  • In thesis statement, you should write outline of the body with your own arguments. You should prove these arguments in body of the essay with relevant examples.

Body of the essay:

  • Discuss the Virtues which people need in their day-to-day life
    • Example: Nonviolence, Honesty etc
  • Discuss the vices people have
    • Examples: Dishonesty, Intoxication etc
  • Explain why people try to find with vices rather than virtues
    • Quicker resolution
    • Can make an enemy fearful in the short term.
    • Achievement of personal goals – power, money etc
  • Explain how virtue is not subjected to conscience. Quote examples (examples help in explaining)
    • Example – Charity is a virtuous act. Individual conscience promotes the act of helping others. The extreme of charity (as it has no subjection to individual conscience) can make one poor.
    • Social Conscience promotes Virtues.
  • Explain why virtue is more to be feared than vice?
    • Gives self-belief and immense strength.
      • Example: Mahatma Gandhi fought for Freedom of India with virtues such as non-violence, truth etc and because his conscience was clear he was able to fight British strongly.
    • Help people relate with your cause.
      • Example: Mass of India related to the methods of Gandhi because they don’t want to do violence against their conscience.
    • Makes the enemy doubt their own conscience.
    • Sustainable achievement of goals. Etc
    • Open doors for peaceful coexistence, democracy and peace.
  • Explain how such virtues can be developed.
    • Value education from early childhood.
    • Role of family, school and peers.
    • Incentivizing virtues deeds and punishing vices.
    • Modeling oneself on any virtues role model. etc



  • Conclude with an optimistic attitude towards Virtues but also mention how an excess of virtues, due to no subjugation to conscience, can be detrimental