The National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS), a visionary initiative by the India Meteorological Department (IMD), aims to establish a seamlessly integrated platform for users of climate information and services.

This framework plays a pivotal role in decision-making and mitigating climate risks across critical sectors such as agriculture, energy, disaster management, health, and water.


Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS):

  • The GFCS, a collaborative effort on a global scale, is dedicated to the development and enhanced utilization of climate information and services.
  • Launched in 2009 during the third World Climate Conference in Geneva, GFCS is spearheaded by National Meteorological and Hydrological
  • Services (NMHS) and involves active engagement from policymakers, planners, investors, and vulnerable sectors.
  • Its primary objective is to bring together academics and consumers of climate information to facilitate informed decision-making for long-term improvement.

Components of GFCS:

  • Observations and Monitoring: Involves the generation of high-quality data on critical weather factors from national and international databases.
  • Research: Focuses on in-depth studies and assessments related to climate parameters.
  • Modelling and Prediction: Aims to provide long-term predictions and scenarios based on historical averages.
  • Climate Services Information System: Supports the development of maps, risk and vulnerability studies.
  • User Interface Platform and Capacity Building: Ensures effective communication and understanding of climate information among stakeholders.

Priority Sectors under GFCS:

  • Agriculture and Food Security
  • Energy
  • Health
  • Water
  • Disaster Risk Reduction

National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS):

  • In India, the NFCS aligns with country-specific weather patterns and stakeholder needs, distinguishing it from the global framework.
  • The IMD serves as the nodal agency for the formulation and implementation of the national framework.
  • NFCS addresses operational gaps among various entities, including hydrological, electricity, renewable energy, transportation, dams, irrigation, and health organizations at federal, state, and local levels.


The National Framework for Climate Services and the Global Framework for Climate Services, while interconnected, cater to distinct needs. The NFCS’s focus on sector-specific requirements and the active involvement of the IMD as a nodal agency highlights its tailored approach to climate services in the Indian context.

This strategic framework promises to bridge operational gaps, ensuring a more resilient and informed response to climate challenges across diverse sectors.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish November 30, 2023