Contents

  1. JAYADEVA INSTITUTE GETS FEATURED IN EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL
  2. SAUDI TO HOST OIC MEET ON KASHMIR
  3. BIOMARKERS FOR GLIOMA BRAIN TUMOUR
  4. NEED FOR DIFFERENT APPROACH TO ADDRESS CHILD MALNUTRTION
  5. SHAPE OF SUN’S CORONA ACCURATELY PREDICTED

JAYADEVA INSTITUTE GETS FEATURED IN EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL

Why in News?

  • Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research (SJICSR) has been featured as “Cardiac Centre of Excellence” in the European Heart Journal issued this September at Congress of European Society of Cardiology.
  • Jayadeva institute becomes the first hospital in India to be profiled in an international journal.
  • Jayadeva institute is known for cutting-edge cardiac care at affordable cost to all segments of society  (free of cost treatments to deserving underprivileged patients)

SAUDI TO HOST OIC MEET ON KASHMIR

Why in News?

  • In a move that could impact ties with India, Saudi Arabia has agreed to hold a special foreign ministers’ meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) devoted to Kashmir after it persuaded Pakistan to back out of an Islamic summit hosted by Malaysia last week.
  • Saudi Arabia’s move to hold the meet comes as a concession secured by Pakistan to compensate for PM Imran Khan being compelled to back out of the summit.

Details

  • Saudi Arabia and the UAE are pillars of India’s renewed foreign policy push in the Islamic world which has helped contain the diplomatic fallout of decisions like ending Jammu and Kashmir’s special status
  • Pakistan has felt the Islamic world, particularly OIC, did not support it enough after India’s August 5 decision.
  • India has already begun working on a diplomatic pushback.
  • Indian foreign minister S Jaishankar spent two days in Tehran meeting his counterpart Javad Zarif on his way back from the 2+2 meeting in the US.
  • The idea of the summit flowed from there. Turkey, according to sources, harbours ambitions of being leader of the Islamic world, wresting that mantle from Saudi Arabia. Erdogan allowed Malaysia to host the summit, which could, if allowed, rival the OIC.
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BIOMARKERS FOR GLIOMA BRAIN TUMOUR

Why in News?

  • Researchers found potential gene biomarkers for prognosis and early diagnosis of the most aggressive form of primary brain tumor called glioblastoma.
  • The biomarkers help in knowing if the tumor is at an initial stage or advanced stage.

What are biomarkers?

  • A biomarker, or biological marker is a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition.
  • Biomarkers are often measured and evaluated to examine normal biological processes, pathogenic processes, or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention.
  • Gene Biomarker
  • In genetics, a biomarker (identified as genetic marker) is a DNA sequence that causes disease or is associated with susceptibility to disease.
  • They can be used to create genetic maps of whatever organism is being studied.

Glioblastoma

  • Glioblastoma, also called glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is a kind of tumor arising from star-shaped cells (astrocytes) that build up brain supportive tissues. It is a rapidly growing, aggressive type of cancer, which affects parts of the brain and spinal cord.

NEED FOR DIFFERENT APPROACH TO ADDRESS CHILD MALNUTRTION

Why in News?

  • India’s National Family Health Surveys (NFHS) shows that there has been a decline in child malnutrition numbers in the country.
  • Various studies show that the rate of decline is very slow.

Details

  • A Cambridge University has assessed how wealth disparity plays a role in in five important malnutrition indicators (Stunting, Underweight, Wasting, Low birth Weight and Anaemia)
  • Wealth Disparities in Underweight children were seen across all districts.
  • The team explains that though the Govt. National Nutrition Mission (NNM) has led to a progressive decline in child malnutrition, the decline has been slow and improvements are not equally distributed.

SHAPE OF SUN’S CORONA ACCURATELY PREDICTED

Why in News?

  • Solar Physicists from Centre for Excellence in Space Sciences (CESSI), IISER Kolkata, has succeeded in predicted the shape of Sun’s Corona at the time of the annular solar eclipse.

Significance of predicting corona shape

  • The dynamic events on the Sun can affect Earth’s outer atmosphere and out technologies.
  • It can lead to disruption in Communication and Navigation Networks, such as Global Positioning Systems (GPS).
  • The disruptions are more frequent during Solar Maxima and pose a significant threat to satellite reliant technology and astronauts.

Solar Maxima

  • Astronomers have observed sunspots on the surface of the sun for nearly 400 years.
  • It is known that sunspots follow a cyclic pattern of growing in number and disappearing in approximately 11 years, known as the sunspot cycle or the sun’s activity cycle.
  • Solar maximum or solar max is a regular period of greatest Sun activity during the 11-year solar cycle.
  • We are currently in the 24th sunspot cycle since the observation began in 1755.
  • During solar maximum, large numbers of sunspots appear, and the solar irradiance output grows by about 0.07%.
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