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About ASMPA Missile

Context:

France has marked a significant milestone in its defence capabilities by successfully testing the updated ASMPA supersonic missile, capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

About ASMPA Missile

  • Type: The Air-Sol Medium Range (ASMP/ASMP-A) is an air-launched land-attack supersonic cruise missile.
  • Payload: Carries a nuclear payload.
  • Role: Central component of France’s nuclear deterrent force.
Versions

ASMP (1986):

  • Range: 80 to 300 km.
  • Warhead: TN 81 with a variable yield of 100 to 300 kilotons of TNT.

ASMP-A (2009):

  • Range: Extended up to 500 km.
  • Warhead: New 300 kt thermonuclear warhead.
  • ASMPA-R Project: A renovated version intended to add additional range and support new advancements in the warhead.
Features

Dimensions:

  • Length: 5.38 meters.
  • Body Diameter: 0.38 meters.
  • Launch Weight: 860 kg.
  • Guidance: Inertial-guided, likely using terrain-mapping and a pre-programmed onboard computer.
  • Motor Assembly: Comprises a solid-propellant engine that fires after the missile is released from the aircraft.
Performance

Initial Acceleration:

  • Speed: Accelerates to Mach 2.0 in five seconds.
  • Process: After ignition, the booster cartridge is ejected from the ramjet exhaust nozzle.
Secondary Acceleration:
  • Motor: Liquid (kerosene)–powered ramjet motor.
  • Maximum Speed: Mach 3.0, depending on altitude.

-Source: The Hindu


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