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About Hornbill Festival

Focus: GS I: Art and Culture

Why in News?

Recently, Vice President inaugurated the 23rd edition of Hornbill Festival.

About Hornbill Festival

  • This festival usually takes place between the 1st and the 10th of December every year in Kohima.
  • The festival gets its name from the Indian Hornbill.
  • The Hornbill is a common bird among the folklores and tribes of Nagaland and can be commonly seen prancing around in the forests of Nagaland.
  • Hornbill Festival is held at Naga Heritage Village, Kisama which is about 12 km from Kohima. 
  • This is a very popular festival of Nagaland. Often cited as “festival of all festivals”.
  • The aim of the festival is to revive and protect the rich culture of Nagaland and display its extravaganza and traditions.

Great hornbill

  • It is also known as the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill is one of the larger members of the hornbill family.
  • It is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
  • Its impressive size and colour have made it important in many tribal cultures and rituals.
  • The great hornbill is long-lived, living for nearly 50 years in captivity.
  • It is predominantly frugivorous, but is an opportunist and will prey on small mammals, reptiles and birds.
  • IUCN status: Vulnerable.

May 2024