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About Kati Bihu

Context:

Recently, the Prime Minister of India extended best wishes on the auspicious occasion of Kati Bihu to the people of Assam.

Relevance:

GS I: Festivals

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Kati Bihu Overview
  2. Significance

Kati Bihu Overview:

  • Kati Bihu is celebrated in the northeastern state of Assam.
  • The word “Kati” signifies “to cut,” and this festival marks the period of relocating rice saplings in the fields.
  • It is also commonly known as Kongali Bihu, with “Kongali” referring to “poor.”
  • Assam observes three Bihu festivals: Bhogali or Magh Bihu in January, Rongali or Bohag Bihu in April, and Kati Bihu.

Significance:

  • Kati Bihu falls in a month with relatively few food resources.
  • To celebrate, people light earthen lamps or candles to illuminate their homes.
  • An essential aspect of the festival involves lighting diyas near the Tulsi plant, which is worshiped on this auspicious day.
  • Additionally, individuals place a special lamp known as “Akash Banti” (Sky candle) in their paddy fields.
  • These lamps are fueled by mustard oil and are elevated atop bamboo poles.
  • The belief is that these illuminated lamps will guide their ancestors toward heaven.

May 2024
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