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About Shyamji Krishna Varma

Focus: GS I- Personalities in News

Why in News?

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tributes to Shyamji Krishna Varma on his Punya Tithi

About Shyamji Krishna Varma :

Shyamji Krishna Varma (1857–1930) was an Indian revolutionary fighter, patriot, lawyer and journalist who made significant contributions towards India’s freedom struggle.

Notable Achievements:
  • He was a noted scholar in Sanskrit and other Indian languages.
  • He briefly pursued a legal career in India and served as the Divan of a number of Indian princely states.
  • Founded India House in London in 1904, which became the nerve centre and nucleus for India’s revolutionaries.
  • Started the publication of a monthly journal called ‘Indian Sociologist’ which became a vehicle of revolutionary ideas.
  • In February 1905, he established the Indian Home Rule Society to raise his voice against British domination in India.
  • Advocated non-violent means of getting rid of the British and using withdrawal of cooperation with the colonial administration as the most effective weapon for this purpose.
  • Narendra Modi dedicated a memorial ‘Kranti Tirth’, to Shyamji Krishna Varma at the revolutionary’s ancestral town Mandvi in Kutch district.
 Controversy:
  • His resolution on India received an enthusiastic ovation from the entire conference. Shyamji’s activities in England aroused the concern of the British government.
  • He was disbarred from Inner Temple and removed from the membership list on 30 April 1909 for writing anti-British articles in The Indian Sociologist.

March 2024
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