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About The Sengol

Context:

A historical sceptre from Tamil Nadu ‘Sengol’ will be installed at the new Parliament building to be inaugurated by by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on May 28.

Relevance:

GS I: History, Facts for Prelims

About Sengol:

Origin:

  • The term “Sengol” was first used on August 14, 1947, by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru during the transfer of power from the British.
  • It was initially kept in a museum in Allahabad.
  • The word “Sengol” is derived from the Tamil word “Semmai,” which means “righteousness.”
  • It is a civilizational practice from the Chola kingdom, which was one of the prominent kingdoms in the Indian subcontinent for centuries.

Symbolic:

  • In Tamil tradition, a high priest presents a sceptre, known as “Sengol,” to a newly crowned king as a symbolic gesture of power transition.
  • The recipient of the “Sengol” is expected to rule with justice and impartiality.
  • C. Rajagopalachari, the last Governor General of India, proposed that this tradition observed by the Chola dynasty could serve as a significant symbol of India’s freedom from British rule.

Features:

  • The “Sengol” was crafted by the renowned jeweler Vummidi Bangaru Chetty from Madras (Chennai).
  • This impressive sceptre measures five feet in length.
  • It features a “nandi” bull at the top, symbolizing the concept of justice.

-Source: The Hindu


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