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Babu Jagjivan Ram Jayanti

Focus: GS I- Modern History

Why in News?

The Prime Minister has paid tributes to Babu Jagjivan Ram on his Jayanti.

About Jagjivan Ram:

Early Life and Education
  • Born on April 5, 1908, in Chandwa, Bihar to a Dalit family
  • His father served in the British army before acquiring farming land in their hometown
  • Attended school in Arrah where he first encountered discrimination
Activism and Political Career
  • Met scholar Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya in 1925 and joined Banaras Hindu University
  • Assisted with the formation of the All-India Depressed Classes League in 1935
  • Joined the Congress Party and became a spokesperson for the Depressed Classes
  • Proposed in 1935 that drinking water wells and temples be open to untouchables
  • Imprisoned during the Quit India Movement
  • Became the youngest minister in Jawaharlal Nehru’s provisional government
  • Appointed as the country’s first labour minister after independence
  • A member of Parliament from 1936 to 1986, setting a world record
  • Also holds the record for being the longest-serving cabinet minister in India, serving for 30 years
Legacy and Recognition
  • Champion of social equality and equal rights for the Depressed Classes
  • Passed away on July 6, 1986
  • Memorial at his cremation place named ‘Samata Sthal’

February 2024