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Consider the following statements About Biodiversity Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements :

1. In India, the Biodiversity Management Committees are key to the realization of the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol.

2. The Biodiversity Management Committees have important functions in determining access and benefit sharing, including the power to levy collection fees on the access of biological resources within its jurisdiction.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

The correct answer is (c) Both 1 and 2.

The Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) are a key to the realization of the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol in India. The Nagoya Protocol is an international agreement that aims to ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources. The BMCs are responsible for determining access to biological resources within their jurisdiction and for ensuring that benefits arising from the utilization of these resources are shared fairly and equitably with the local communities.

The BMCs have important functions in determining access and benefit sharing, including the power to levy collection fees on the access of biological resources within its jurisdiction. The BMCs can also play a role in promoting the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources.

Here are some of the specific ways in which the BMCs can help to realize the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol:

  • They can help to ensure that access to biological resources is regulated in a way that is fair and equitable to local communities.
  • They can help to ensure that benefits arising from the utilization of biological resources are shared fairly and equitably with local communities.
  • They can help to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources.

The BMCs are a valuable tool for the realization of the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol in India. They can help to ensure that the benefits of biodiversity are shared fairly and equitably with local communities, and that biological resources are conserved and used sustainably.


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