Consider the following statements in relation to Janani Suraksha Yojana:
1. It is a safe motherhood intervention of the State Health Departments.
2. Its objective is to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality among poor pregnant women.
3. It aims to promote institutional delivery among poor pregnant women.
4. Its objective includes providing public health facilities to sick infants up to one year of age.
How many of the statements given above are correct?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) Only three
(d) All four
The correct answer is (c). Only statements 1, 2, and 3 are correct.
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM). It is being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neonatal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among poor pregnant women. The scheme is under implementation in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS).
JSY provides cash assistance to poor pregnant women who choose to deliver their babies in a government or accredited private health facility. The amount of cash assistance varies depending on the state or UT. In addition, JSY also provides for transportation costs and post-delivery care.
JSY has been successful in reducing maternal and neonatal mortality rates in India. According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), the maternal mortality rate in India declined from 254 per 100,000 live births in 2005-06 to 178 per 100,000 live births in 2015-16. The neonatal mortality rate also declined from 39 per 1,000 live births in 2005-06 to 28 per 1,000 live births in 2015-16.
JSY has also been successful in increasing the institutional delivery rate in India. According to the NFHS-4, the institutional delivery rate in India increased from 47% in 2005-06 to 79% in 2015-16.
JSY is a successful safe motherhood intervention that has contributed to the reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality rates in India.