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Current Affairs 18 July 2022

CONTENTS

  1. Juvenile Justice Board
  2. Tropical Ozone Hole
  3. Kala-Azar
  4. Great Indian Bustard
  5. Wildfires intensifying in Europe

 Juvenile Justice Board


Context:

Recently, The Supreme Court asked the central government, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) and the State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (SCPCR) to consider issuing guidelines or directions to assist and facilitate the Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs) in making the preliminary assessment for determining whether a child of 16 years of age and above can be tried as an adult for a heinous offence.

Relevance:

GS-II: Social Justice and Governance (Issues Related to Children, Governance and Government Policies, Issues Arising Out of Design & Implementation of Policies)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Juvenile Justice Board
  2. What does the law say on trying a juvenile as an adult?
  3. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015
  4. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021
  5. What happens when a juvenile is ordered to be treated as an adult?
  6. What was the case before the Supreme Court?

Click Here To Read More : Juvenile Justice Board


Tropical Ozone Hole


Context:

A new ozone hole has been detected over the tropics, at latitudes of 30 degrees South to 30 degrees North, a recent study claimed. But some experts are divided over this.

Relevance:

GS I- Geography

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is Ozone Layer and what are Ozone Holes?
  2. Ozone creation and destruction
  3. Tropical Ozone Hole
  4. What caused an ozone hole in the tropics?
  5. Significance of the finding

Click Here To Read More: Tropical Ozone Hole


Kala-Azar


Context:

Eleven districts of Bengal reported at least 65 cases of black fever or ‘Kala-Azar disease in the last couple of weeks, a senior official of the health department said, based on state-administered surveillance.

Relevance:

GS III- Health, Prelims

About Kala Azar

  • Kala-azar is a slow progressing indigenous disease caused by a protozoan parasite of genus Leishmania.
  • In India Leishmania donovani is the only parasite causing this disease.
  • The Kala-azar is endemic to the Indian subcontinent in 119 districts in four countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal).

Click Here To Read More: Kala-Azar


Great Indian Bustard


Context:

Only four Female Great Indian Bustards (GIB) are left in Gujarat.

  • According to a 2018 count, India has fewer than 150 GIBs, of which 122 are in Rajasthan.

Relevance:

Prelims, GS-III: Environment and Ecology (Species in News, Conservation of Biodiversity)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About the Great Indian Bustard
  2. About the Habitat of Great Indian Bustard
  3. On the brink of extinction
  4. SC’s recent hearing on Power Lines threatening the GIB

Click Here To Read More: Great Indian Bustard


Wildfires Intensifying in Europe


Context:

Europe is battling intense wildfires with countries like Spain, Greece and France struggling to stamp out fires and contain the damage.

Relevance:

GS I- Geography

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is wildfire?
  2. What causes Wildfire?
  3. How dangerous is inhaling wildfire smoke?

Click Here To Read More: Wildfires Intensifying in Europe



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