The Dandi March, also referred to as the Salt March or Dandi Satyagraha, stands as a significant instance of nonviolent civil disobedience spearheaded by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, aimed at challenging British colonial rule in India.

Main Body:


Salt Monopoly Curse:
The salt monopoly had dire consequences: it deprived villages of a valuable industry, caused extensive destruction of abundant natural resources, increased national expenditures due to destruction, and imposed an exorbitant tax of over 1,000% on a struggling populace.

Simon Commission and Lack of Indian Representation:

The Simon Commission of 1928, lacking Indian members, was sent to assess India’s constitutional system. Political parties unitedly boycotted it, triggering discontent.

Call for “Poorna Swaraj” (Complete Independence):
In 1929, under Nehru’s leadership, the Congress declared its aspiration for complete independence, intensifying nationalist sentiments.

Gandhi’s Eleven Demands and Civil Disobedience:

As nationalist fervor heightened, Gandhi’s letter to Lord Irwin with eleven demands in 1930 was declined. This led to the initiation of the Civil Disobedience Movement.

Significance (Critical Evaluation):

Global Attention and Impact:
The Dandi March, akin to the non-cooperation movement, garnered substantial attention from international and national media as well as world leaders.

British Government’s Disturbance:
The march’s popularity rattled the British government; numerous arrests ensued. Gandhi’s arrest at Dharasana salt works marked a key turning point.

Spread of Civil Disobedience:
The breach of salt laws in Dandi spurred similar acts across India. In Bengal, Satish Chandra Dasgupta led volunteers to produce salt at Mahisbathan.

Comprehensive Impact:
The movement encompassed foreign cloth and liquor boycotts, violations of forest laws in various regions, and tax refusal by peasants in Gujarat and Bengal.

Long-Term Consequences:
The Satyagraha ended in 1934; it earned global recognition for Gandhi’s and Congress’s legitimate pursuit of Indian Independence. Reductions in foreign imports, government revenue, and the Gandhi-Irwin Pact ensued.


The Civil Disobedience Movement through the Dandi March transcended urban boundaries, involving rural areas in a national-scale protest, thereby representing a turning point in the Indian Independence movement.

This movement not only galvanized masses but also set the trajectory towards India’s complete independence from colonial rule.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish August 17, 2023