Structure of the Essay:


You can start the introduction through following ways:

  • Start with a general introduction/ an anecdote/an example/a short story/a poem/a recent event or trend etc about international diplomacy.

Thesis Statement:

  • It is a transition statement between introduction and body of the essay.
  • In thesis statement, you should write outline of the body with your own arguments. You should prove these arguments in body of the essay with relevant examples.

Body of the essay:

  • Historical perspective.
    • Diplomacy between states in the Ancient and Medieval world.
    • Development of Nation-States and international diplomacy.
  • Factors influencing international diplomacy. Examples can be quoted for every factor.
    • Geography
    • Political Interests
    • History and Culture
    • Economic Interests
      • Trade
      • Investments
      • Others – Oil, Regional Grouping etc.
    • Balance of Power
    • People to people connect
    • Leadership
    • Others – Technology, Connectivity etc
  • New trends – Quote examples.
    • Multi-polar World
    • Dehyphenation
    • The dominance of Economic Interests
    • The emergence of new powers – India, China, ASEAN etc.
    • The emergence of regional groupings and international organisations.
      • Their significance and role in International Diplomacy.
    • Recent examples from India’s foreign policy – Relations with West Asia and Israel, Relations with USA and China, Handling border disputes with China and Pakistan.
      • Also mention shortcomings.
    • India’s core national interests:
      • Peace and prosperity
      • Multipolar rule-based world order
      • Respect for sovereignty
      • Peaceful and free trade
      • etc
    • India specific issues
      • Changing for non-alignment to multi alignment
      • Example: QUAD
      • India’s role in Iran- USA
      • Indo Pacific dimension changing Indian outlook.
      • India’s tightrope walks about the USA and Russia.
    • Mention how relations between certain countries remain sour for long. Examples can help in explaining the reasons for prolonged conflicts.


  • Conclude with a futuristic view on International Diplomacy – how it will change with the rising of technology and challenges like Climate Change.
Anonymous Changed status to publish October 2, 2022