Artemis- Moon Interaction with the Sun: Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence, and Electrodynamics It is NASA’s next Moon mission. The Space Launch System (SLS) rocket lifted off from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, after multiple delays caused by technological failures and natural disasters over the course of two months.


About the Artemis Mission

  • NASA’s Artemis I is an unmanned mission.
    • Named after Apollo’s sister in Greek mythology, it is NASA’s successor to the Apollo lunar missions that took place fifty years ago.
  • It will put NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and Orion crew capsule to the test.
    • The SLS is NASA’s largest new vertical launch system since the Saturn V rockets of the 1960s and 1970s.
  • Artemis I is the first in a series of increasingly complex missions to establish a long-term human presence on the Moon for decades to come.
    • The primary goals of Artemis I are to demonstrate Orion’s systems in a spaceflight environment and to ensure a safe re-entry, descent, splashdown, and recovery prior to the first flight with crew on Artemis II.
  • It is only a lunar Orbiter mission, despite having a return-to-Earth target, unlike most Orbiter missions.

Artemis I’s Importance

  • Artemis I is the first step toward fulfilling the promise of transporting humans to new worlds, landing and living on other planets, or possibly meeting aliens.
  • The CubeSats it will carry are outfitted with instruments designed for specific investigations and experiments, such as searching for water in all forms and hydrogen that can be used as a source of energy.
  • Biology experiments will be conducted, and the impact of deep space atmosphere on humans will be investigated using dummy ‘passengers’ on board Orion.

Innovative technologies were used.

  • The suite of rovers on Mars, where Perseverance, Nasa’s latest prospector, can drive itself through rocky terrain with only limited guidance from Earth, exemplifies advances in robotic exploration.
  • Improvements in sensors and artificial intelligence (AI) will further enable the robots themselves to identify particularly interesting sites, from which to gather samples for return to Earth.
  • Within the next decade or two, robotic exploration of Mars’ surface could be almost entirely autonomous, with human presence providing little advantage.
  • Unlike astronauts, who require a well-equipped living space if they are required for construction purposes, robots can remain at their work site indefinitely. Similarly, if mining lunar soil or asteroids for rare materials became economically viable, robots could do it more cheaply and safely.


The key distinction between the Apollo era and today is the emergence of a strong, private space-technology sector that now supports human spaceflight. Private-sector companies are now competing with Nasa, so high-risk, low-cost trips to Mars could be crewed by willing volunteers and funded by billionaires and private sponsors. Finally, the public could applaud these daring adventurers without having to pay for them.


Legacy Editor Changed status to publish December 3, 2022