With a burgeoning economy and a substantial share of the global population, India stands at the crossroads of developmental prowess and environmental stewardship.
As a testament to its commitment, India has presented its Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy at the 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Despite being the world’s fourth-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, India’s proactive approach signals its resolve to combat climate change and chart a sustainable course.


Charting India’s Path: Long-Term Strategy:

India’s Long-Term Strategy serves as a blueprint for achieving net-zero emissions by 2070, anchored in targeted sector-specific low-carbon pathways.
Notably, the strategy addresses the need to transition away from coal-based power generation, a move poised to shape India’s energy landscape while appeasing global concerns.
Noteworthy measures in this trajectory encompass:
The decarbonization of the electricity and transportation sectors.
Reimagining urban spaces to harness energy efficiency.
Strengthening forest ecosystems and enhancing energy/material efficiency.
Fostering innovation in climate-centric research and development.

Intricacies of the Long-Term Strategy:

The strategy calls for astute resource management and embraces green alternatives such as biofuels (e.g., ethanol blending), electric vehicles, and green hydrogen.
Urban planning emerges as a linchpin, entwining energy efficiency, green building standards, and advanced waste management practices.
Notably, it strikes a balance between industrial transition and energy security, ensuring that the shift to low-carbon doesn’t compromise energy access or employment.
The strategy acknowledges the anticipated costs associated with technology advancement, infrastructure revamping, and other pivotal transitions.

Distinguishing Long-Term Strategy from NDCs:

Setting it apart, the Long-Term Strategy diverges from the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which outline specific 2030 targets.
While NDCs spotlight actions over five-year intervals, long-term strategies offer a roadmap to net-zero status (India’s aim by 2070).
India’s 2030 NDC comprises ambitious goals, including a 45% reduction in emission intensity, a 50% share of renewables in electricity generation, and the creation of substantial carbon sinks.


India’s multi-faceted strategy encompasses pivotal sectors: energy, transport, urban development, industries, and forests.
It is underpinned by robust research and development, nurturing climate-specific technologies, and catalyzing financial resources both domestically and globally.
The transition towards renewable energy sources, coupled with cleaner fuels and intelligent transportation systems, is poised to spearhead India’s low-carbon odyssey.
Through proactive initiatives, India underscores its commitment to strike an equilibrium between growth and environmental preservation, navigating the complex terrain of climate change with unwavering determination.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish August 10, 2023