Structure of the Essay:


You can start the introduction through following ways:

  • Start with a general introduction/anecdote/an example/a short story/a poem/a quote/a recent event or trend etc which can help in describing the need for self-reliance.

Thesis Statement:

  • It is a transition statement between introduction and body of the essay.
  • In thesis statement, you should write outline of the body with your own arguments. You should prove these arguments in body of the essay with relevant examples.

Body of the essay:

  • Mention about the backdrop in which Atmanirbhar Bharat scheme was announced.
    • COVID-19 induced lockdown.
    • Economic crises.
    • Bleak future for global economic landscape.
    • India’s reliance on others for medical support.
    • India’s import dependence on China in the backdrop of border tension.
  • Describe what the Atmanirbhar Bharat means.
    • Give a brief history of Swadeshi and link it with Atmanirbhar Bharat
    • Mention several government provisions.
    • Give examples of various schemes under it.
  • Explain the need for Atmanirbhar Bharat in the contemporary world.
    • Population and its requirements like employment and standard of life.
    • Aspiration for becoming a world power.
    • Import dependence for several sectors of the economy.
    • Growing protectionism and its impact on Indian Economy.
    • Need for the development of indigenous technology.
  • Significance of Atmanirbhar scheme.
    • Economic: Explain how it will help in economic growth, improving India’s Balance of trade, macroeconomic stability, Insulation from the global crisis, generation of employment etc.
    • Political: Explain how it will lead to improving India’s political clout in the world, it will bring social and economic equality leading to political stability etc.
    • Social: Explain how it improved livelihood opportunity will have a positive impact on health and nutrition, education, social stability, standard of living etc
    • Diplomatic: Explain how non-dependence on other Nations will help India negotiate better deals with them while pursuing its National Interest.
  • Challenges
    • Discuss how the rising debate on Protectionism Vs Globalisation can impact the initiative of Atmanirbhar Bharat.
    • Discuss several economic challenges like –
      • Bleak manufacturing
      • Lack of funding
      • Lack of innovation
    • Discuss political challenges like –
      • Resistance to change.
      • The politicisation of reforms.
    • Discuss diplomatic challenges like –
      • Bilateral trade relations with friendly nations.
      • Regional trade groups.
      • Impediments in promoting export due to diplomatic challenges.
    • Discuss social challenges like
      • Lack of outcome-based education etc
      • Low nutrition affects the cognitive development of children.
      • Socio-religious unrest like Communalism and Nasalism.
    • Ways to achieve Atmanirbhar Bharat dream
      • Preparing the innovation ecosystem
      • Focus on Manufacturing
      • Focus on Vocational training
    • Indigenization of important sectors.


  • Conclude with a futuristic perspective about the significance and benefits it will bring,

Note: Add required economic data, schemes and examples wherever possible.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish June 21, 2023