The scenario under consideration presents a classic ethical dilemma, embodying the age-old debate between Means vs Ends, encapsulating the philosophical clash between Deontology and Utilitarianism.

Main Body:

(a) Ethical Issues:

  • Transparency and Accountability Compromised:
    Example: The bank manager releasing funds from a depositor’s account without due process.
  • Misuse of Authority:
    Example: The manager’s exercise of power for personal gain, violating ethical standards.
  • Personal Relationships Over Professional Ethics:
    Example: Prioritizing familial ties over the duty to uphold professional conduct.
  • Favouritism and Breach of Fairness Principle:
    Example: Granting preferential treatment, undermining the principle of fairness.
  • Misconduct to Fulfil Personal Responsibilities:
    Example: Colleague resorting to unethical means to fulfill personal obligations.
  • Unethical Means for a Compassionate End:
    Example: Releasing funds to save a colleague’s father, blurring ethical lines.
  • Inadequacy of State/Public Hospitals:
    Example: The larger issue of limited access and affordability in public healthcare facilities.

(b) Evaluation of Bank Manager’s Behavior:

Ethical Values Upheld:

  • Compassionate behavior towards employees.
  • Building a positive and approachable image.
  • Moral duty to save a human life (colleague’s father).
  • Perceiving the end as justified.
  • Lower risk to the organization, considering the account’s dormancy.

Breach of Ethical Principles:

  • Overlooking rules and regulations.
  • Breaching objectivity.
  • Violating integrity and honesty.
  • Misusing authority.
  • Potential long-term consequences, setting a precedent.

(c) Reaction to the Situation:

  • Confrontation and Conveyance: Confront the friend about the misconduct and breach of professional code.
  • Empathetic Encouragement: Encourage repayment while empathizing with the friend’s situation.
  • Dialogue with Bank Manager: Approach the manager, discussing the ethical concerns and advocating objective methods.
  • Advocacy for an Alternate Mechanism: Engage with the manager and relevant authorities to establish an alternate emergency support system for employees.


Upholding Professional Integrity: Following rules to build public trust in institutions.

Gandhi’s Wisdom: “If one takes care of the means, the end will take care of itself.”

Balancing Means and Ends: Emphasizing the importance of justice in both means and ends.

In conclusion, adherence to ethical principles by both employees and management is crucial for fostering trust in public institutions, and a delicate equilibrium between means and ends must be maintained, echoing the wisdom of Mahatma Gandhi.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish November 23, 2023