International laws and treaties provide ethical advice to solve the ethical difficulties that arise in current international relations in this hyperconnected world that has become a global village.

The United Nations Charter outlined a broad set of principles relating to achieving “higher standards of living,” addressing “economic, social, health, and related problems,” and ensuring ” universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction of race, sex, language, or religion.”

  • The Global Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), approved by the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948, establishes for the first time universal protection of fundamental human rights.
  • The Geneva Conventions are a collection of four treaties and three supplemental protocols that define international norms for humanitarian treatment in times of
  • The 1951 Refugee Convention establishes the definition of a refugee, as well as the rights and responsibilities of countries that provide
  • By implementing the CBDR (Common but Differentiated Responsibility) approach in climate resolution, the Paris Climate Agreement under the UNFCCC ensures climate
  • The World Trade Organization (WTO) and its TRIPS agreement address ethical concerns about global trade and intellectual property
  • The four Global Commons—the High Seas (UNCLOS), the Atmosphere, Antarctica, and Outer Space—are addressed by a number of laws and treaties.
  • Certain legislation professing to uphold international ethics, on the other hand, have been

Disarmament: Countries such as the United States put economic and other restrictions on Iran to prevent the country from obtaining nuclear weapons. The question of whether it is ethical for a government to impose sanctions on others while maintaining its own nuclear arsenals has been raised.

Humanitarian Intervention: The ethical question of whether it is appropriate for a country to intervene in another country’s internal affairs is posed.

Climate Change: The topic of CBDR continues to divide countries.

Outer Space: Space trash resulting from the satellite race is not appropriately addressed.

Rights to Intellectual Property: IPR restrictions that restrict access to innovative technology and life-saving pharmaceuticals deprive the poor and developing countries. Commercial advantages vs. Humane Causes is the ethical dilemma here.

Whether poor countries are ethically and morally correct when they demand significantly higher concessions in international commerce during the Doha Round of trade negotiations.

Certain conditions attached to international funding and development aid may be morally objectionable. For example, the IMF bailed out India’s economic crisis in 1991 on the condition that it liberalise its economy (LPG Reforms).


To handle global difficult challenges such as terrorism, climate change, eradicating poverty and inequality, and establishing global peace, it is necessary to promote universal ethical behaviour in international diplomacy.

Legacy Editor Changed status to publish June 30, 2023