Focus: GS I: History
Why in News?
President of India Pays Homage to Dr Rajendra Prasad on his Birth Anniversary.
About Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji
- Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji was an Indian independence activist, lawyer, scholar and subsequently, the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.
- He was the first President of India and served in office from 1952 to 1962.
- He was highly influenced by the beliefs of Mahatma Gandhi and became supporter of Mahatma Gandhi’s beliefs and thinking.
- Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji played an instrumental role in forming the Bihari Students Conference at the hall of Patna College in 1906.
- Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji officially joined the Indian National Congress in 1911, during its annual session held in Calcutta.
- He was a lawyer by profession and proved to be an influential leader during the Indian freedom struggle. He left his law practice to join the movement along with Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
- He was jailed multiple times by the British – once in 1931 for participating in the Salt Satyagraha Movement, and once in 1942 for being an active member of the Quit India Movement.
- He died on 28th February 1963 after suffering from illness for 6 months. He spent his last few days in Sadaqat Ashram situated in Patna.
- He was the recipient of the highest national honor, the Bharat Ratna.
A list of the books written by Dr. Rajendra Prasad are given below:
- Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminiscences
- Satyagraha at Champaran
- Division of India
- Since Independence