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Draft Aircraft Security Rules, 2022

Context:

The Ministry of Civil Aviation has notified the draft Aircraft Security Rules, 2022 which enable the aviation security regulator, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) to impose penalties upto ₹1 crore on airports and airlines for violation of security measures.

Relevance:

GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Draft Aircraft Security Rules, 2022
  2. Key features
  3. Why such move?

Draft Aircraft Security Rules, 2022

  • The rules will supersede Aircraft Security Rules, 2011 and were necessary after Parliament passed Aircraft Amendment Act, 2020 in September 2020.
  • It gives statutory powers to BCAS, along with the Director General of Civil Aviation and Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau.
  • These allow them to impose penalties which could only be imposed by courts earlier.
  • The amendment were necessary after the UN aviation watchdog, International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), raised questions about the three regulators functioning without statutory powers.

Key features

  • Once the draft Rules are finalised, the BCAS can impose a fine of ₹50 lakh to ₹1 crore (depending on the size of the company) on airports and airlines if they fail to prepare and implement a security programme.
  • They can commence operations only after seeking a security clearance.
  • Individuals will also face penalties ranging from ₹1 lakh to ₹25 lakh depending on the nature of offence.
  • In order to deal with cyber security threats, the rules also require each entity to protect its information and communication technology systems against unauthorised use and prohibit disclosure.
  • The draft rules now authorise airports to engage private security agents instead of CISF personnel at “non-core areas” and assign security duties as per the recommendation of the National Civil Aviation Policy, 2016.

Why such move?

  • India’s civil Aviation Sector is facing a unique crisis a crisis of credibility and safety.
  • Some of the issues are-
    • The windshield of a go air flight cracks mid-air, two go air flights suffer engine snags, a flight could not take off because of a dog on the runway.
    • A bird was found in the cockpit of an Air India Express cruising at 37 000 feet.
    • One flight experienced engine trouble, and another saw smoke in the cabin.
    • Luggage is either not loaded or disappears.

-Source: The Hindu


February 2023
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