Focus: GS-II Social Justice
The Union Cabinet approved a new National Education Policy 2020 – meant to provide an overarching vision and comprehensive framework for both school and higher education across the country.
What is the timeline for implementation?
- The policy is meant to transform the education system by 2040.
- Some proposals will be implemented immediately, starting with the change in the name of the Ministry of Human Resource Development into the Ministry of Education.
- The National Testing Agency will introduce a pilot version of the common entrance test by 2020, which will be used for admission to all IoEs and central universities in 2021.
- The National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission which is to be implemented by 2025 will be launched in 2020.
Where do the difficulties lie?
- The draft Higher Education Commission of India Bill has been languishing in the Ministry.
- The proposal for a Board of Governors for universities may also require amendments of the Central and State Universities Acts.
- A Cabinet note has already been moved to set up the National Research Foundation as a trust under the government, but in order to make it a fully autonomous body, an Act may be required.
- Centre will have to provide financial assistance as other changes require funding and times.
- The Ministry feels that an increase in government funding of education to 6% of GDP will be sufficient to cover the financial implications of the NEP, however, such an increase in funding has been proposed but not achieved for the last half-century.
-Source: The Hindu