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First GPS-Tagged Eurasian Whimbrel Spotted in Chhattisgarh

Context:

For the first time, a long-distance migratory bird, the Eurasian or common whimbrel, tagged with a Global Positioning System (GPS) transmitter, was captured on camera in the state of Chhattisgarh.

Relevance:

GS III: Species in News

About the Eurasian Whimbrel

  • Type: Wading bird
  • Family: Scolopacidae
  • Scientific Name: Numenius phaeopus

Distribution:

  • The Eurasian Whimbrel has a widespread range covering five continents: North America, South America, Asia, Africa, and Europe.
  • Breeding Grounds: Subarctic regions of Siberia and Alaska during summer.
  • Wintering Grounds: Migrates south to southern USA, Central America, South America, Africa, and South Asia, including Nepal.

Habitat:

  • Winters primarily along coastlines, coastal wetlands, mangroves, marshes, and larger rivers.

Physical Features:

  • Size: Fairly large greyish-brown bird.
  • Bill: Long, decurved bill with a kink.
  • Head Pattern: Distinct with dark eye-stripes and crown-sides.
  • Plumage: Mottled dark brown above, pale below, with significant brown streaking on the throat and breast.

Behavior:

  • Generally solitary during nesting but tends to be gregarious outside the breeding season.
  • Known for a high-pitched call that consists of a repetitive series of seven notes.

Conservation Status:

  • IUCN Red List: Least Concern

-Source: The Hindu


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