Focus: GS-III Industry and Infrastructure
Why in news?
Fossil fuel consumption is set to shrink for the first time in modern history as climate policies boost renewable energy while the coronavirus pandemic leaves a lasting effect on global energy demand, BP said in a forecast.
- London-based BP expects global economic activity to only partially recover from the epidemic over the next few years as travel restrictions ease.
- But some “scarring effects” such as work from home will lead to slower growth in energy consumption.
- BP this year extended its outlook into 2050 to align it with the company’s strategy to slash the carbon emissions from its operations to net zero by the middle of the century.
- It includes three scenarios that assume different levels of government policies aimed at meeting the 2015 Paris climate agreement to limit global warming to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels.
- In its two aggressive scenarios, Covid-19 accelerates the slowdown in oil consumption, leading to it peaking last year. In the third scenario, oil demand peaks at around 2030.
- In the longer term, demand for coal, oil and natural gas is set to slow dramatically.
- The share of fossil fuels is set to decline from 85% of total primary energy demand in 2018 to between 20% and 65% by 2050 in the three scenarios.
- At the same time, the share of renewables is set to grow from 5% in 2018 to up to 60% by 2050.
-Source: Hindustan Times