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LIONESS GAVE FOSTER CARE TO LEOPARD CUB IN GIR NATIONAL PARK

Focus: GS-III Environment and Ecology

Why is news?

A lioness in Gujarat’s Gir National Park gave foster care to a leopard cub for more than a month. A study has noted their short-lived bonding as a rare case of foster care between two competing feline species.

  • Elephant seals and sea lions are known to adopt orphans of their own kind.
  • The animal kingdom has ONLY two reported cases of cross-species adoption in the wild till now.

Gir National Park

  • Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Sasan Gir, is a forest and wildlife sanctuary near Talala Gir in Gujarat, India.
  • In the 19th century, the rulers of Indian princely states used to invite the British colonists for hunting expeditions. At the end of the 19th century, only about a dozen Asiatic lions were left in India, all of them in the Gir Forest, which was part of the Nawab of Junagarh’s private hunting grounds.
  • British viceroys brought the drastic decline of the lion population in Gir to the attention of the Nawab of Junagadh, who established the sanctuary.
  • Today, it is the only area in Asia where Asiatic lions occur and is considered one of the most important protected areas in Asia because of its biodiversity.
  • The Gir ecosystem with its diverse flora and fauna is protected as a result of the efforts of the government forest department, wildlife activists and NGOs.
  • It is now considered the jewel of Gujarat’s ecological resources.
  • Gir National Park is closed from 16 June to 15 October every year as these Four months of monsoon are considered the best season for the breeding.
Map Gujarat National Park Sanctuary Gir National Park
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September 2022
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