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Focus: GS-II Governance

Why in news?

Streaming of well-researched documentaries leading to the historic occasion of adoption of Hindi as an official language of the Union of India on 14th September, 1949, mock enactment of the meeting of the Constituent Assembly by children and  travelogues showing growth and popularity of Hindi in different States will mark the celebration of  ‘Hindi Diwas’  by Films Division on 14th September, 2020.


  • The pioneering efforts of Beohar Rajendra Simha, a well-known Hindi scholar-writer who rallied and lobbied in favour of Hindi along with other stalwarts like Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Maithili Sharan Gupta  and Kaka Kalelkar came  to fruition on Simha’s 50th birth day on 14th September,1949 when the Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as one of the  official languages of the Union of India  which  was ratified by the Constitution of India that came into effect on the 26th of January 1950.
  • Under the Article 343 of the Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagari script was adopted as the official language. 
February 2024