Consider the following statements:
1. Recently, all the countries of the United Nations have adopted the first-ever compact for international migration, the ‘Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM)’.
2. The objectives and commitments stated in the GCM are binding on the UN member countries.
3. The GCM addresses internal migration or internally displaced people also in its objectives and commitments.
How many of the above statements are correct?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) All three
Statement 1 is correct. The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) was adopted by the United Nations in December 2018. The GCM is the first-ever global agreement on migration, and it aims to address the challenges and opportunities of migration in a comprehensive and holistic way.
Statement 2 is incorrect. The objectives and commitments stated in the GCM are not binding on UN member countries. The GCM is a non-binding agreement, which means that countries are not legally obligated to implement its provisions. However, the GCM does provide a framework for countries to work together to address migration issues, and it is hoped that countries will voluntarily implement its provisions.
Statement 3 is incorrect. The GCM does not address internal migration or internally displaced people in its objectives and commitments. The GCM is focused on international migration, which is the movement of people across international borders. Internal migration, which is the movement of people within a country, is not covered by the GCM.
Therefore, only Statement 1 is correct. The answer is (a).