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India Nominates Cities for Wetland City Accreditation 


The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has submitted three city nominations from India for the Wetland City Accreditation (WCA). The nominated cities are Indore and Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh, along with Udaipur in Rajasthan.


GS III: Environment and Ecology

Wetland City Accreditation (WCA):

  • A voluntary accreditation system by the Ramsar Convention, initiated during COP 12, 2015.
  • Recognizes cities prioritizing the safeguarding of urban wetlands.
  • Aims to promote conservation, wise use, and socio-economic benefits of urban and peri-urban wetlands.
  • Valid for 6 years, fostering positive relationships with valuable ecosystems.

Key Highlights of Nominated Cities:


  • Cleanest city in India, awarded India’s Smart City 2023 for sanitation.
  • Sirpur Lake, a Ramsar Site, developed as a Bird Sanctuary.
  • Over 200 wetland mitras actively engage in bird conservation, particularly protecting the Sarus Crane.


  • One of India’s cleanest cities with proposed conservation zones around wetlands in its draft City Development Plan 2031.
  • Bhoj Wetland, a Ramsar Site, equipped with a world-class wetlands interpretation center (Jal Tarang).
  • Bhopal Municipal Corporation has a dedicated Lake Conservation Cell.


  • Surrounded by five major wetlands: Pichola, Fateh Sagar, Rang Sagar, Swaroop Sagar, and Doodh Talai.
  • Integral to the city’s culture and identity, maintaining the microclimate and providing a buffer from extreme events.

February 2024