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INDIA STILL IN LOCAL TRANSMISSION: GOVT.

Why in news?

Reiterating that India continues to be in the local transmission phase despite the country registering a spike from 100 to 1,000 cases in 12 days, the Union Health Ministry on 30th March 2020, said India’s precautionary and early lockdown is proving to be a step in the right direction.

Highlights

Machine generated alternative text:
Rising numbers 
India is among the 41 countries which crossed the 1,000 COVID-19 cases mark as of Sunday. 
But among these countries, the rise in cases in India has been relatively slower 
Relatively not rapid, yet 
• The more number of days 
it takes to register a certain 
number of cases, the better 
it is for the country. In India, 
100 cases were recorded 
on March 14. It took 14 days 
from then for the cases to 
cross the 1,000 mark 
• Of the 41 nations where 
at least 1,000 cases were 
reported, only in three was 
the mark reached in more 
days: Japan (29 days), 
Iceland (17) and Greece (15) 
• Only Finland and 
Philippines registered the 
1,000 mark in 14 days, the 
same as India 
However, it is important to 
note that India's COVID-19 
test rate (tests per million 
people) has been among 
the lowest in the world 
.3 
BPL card holders waiting in a queue to collect essentials from a 
PDS shop in Delhi's Vishwas Nagar on Monday.. SANDEEP SAXENA 
As many as 
176 countries 
have registered 
at least one 
COVID-19 case 
Among 
these, 103 
countries 
registered at 
least 100 cases 
Of them, 41 
countries 
registered at least 
1,000 cases. India is 
among them
  • The growth graph of COVID-19 cases shows that India had taken 12 days to go from 100 to 1,000 cases.
  • This graph in developed countries with less population and better facilities had risen anywhere between 3,000 to 8,000 cases starting from the same line and in the 12-day initial period.
  • India is seeing this result of having lower cases compared to other countries because of early measures of isolation and lockdown.
  • However, India is seeing “a small percentage of asymptomatic individuals”.
  • No orders had been passed to “conduct large scale disinfection of people but protocol has been put in place for sanitising large public spaces, etc.”
  • The government will be the first to announce that the infection has entered the next phase (Community transmission) because we would need a heightened level of preparation and cooperation from the general public. Technically we continue to be in the local transmission phase.”

Increase in number of COVID 19 cases across different states of India

Machine generated alternative text:
COVID-19: Varying trajectories across States 
On Monday, the number of COVID-19 cases crossed the 1,200 mark in India. Kerala recorded the most cases, followed closely 
by Maharashtra, which recorded the most COVID-19 deaths. Apart from these two States, the case progression in Tamil Nadu 
and Gujarat were notably rapid. Kerala's rate of testing was the highest and Jharkhand's the lowest. By The Hindu Data Team 
1. Case progression I The chart shows the day-wise progression of 
COVID-19 cases since the 10th case in each State. Of 37 States/U.T.s, 
17 have registered at least 10 cases 
2. Death count I The chart shows the day-wise 
progression of COVID-19 deaths since the first 
death in each State 
only 73 States/U.T.s MAHARASHTRA 
recorded ot least 
one death 
GUJARAT 
KARNATAKA 
• ADHYA PRADESH 
NO. OF DAYS SINCE THE FIRST DEATH 
MAHARASHTRA 
Relatively rapid 
progression 
3. Testing time 
The chart 
plots the 
tests 
done per 
million 
population 
against the 
% Of positive 
cases among 
those 
tested for 
each State 
Fewer tests, 
lower cases 
GUJARAT 
KERALA 
KARNATAKA 
• DELHI 
Middling 
HARYANA 
PUNJAB Relatively slower 
progress.on 
NO. OF DAYS SINCE THE 10TH CASE _+ 
Fewer tests, higher cases 
HARYANA 
IRK 
More tests, 
higher cases 
DELH 
4. Testing 
rates 
The table 
compares 
the tests 
per million 
population in 
select States 
Over a week. 
While Kerala's 
testing rate 
grew from 
113.8 to 188.7 
per million 
people, 
others lagged 
behind 
Kerala 
Karnataka 
Maharashtra 
Gu•arat 
Chhatti arh 
M.P. 
Bihar 
W.B. 
MAR. 21/22 
113.8 
20.8 
13.7 
5.7 
2.9 
5.8 
5.6 
3.1 
0.7 
1.2 
1.3 
MAR. 
188.7 
47.4 
29.3 
22.8 
17.7 
16.8 
11.6 
11.5 
7.2 
5.5 
4.6 
MAHARASHTRA 
GUJARAT 
BIHAR 
DISHA—• 
GOA • 
KERALA 
KARNATAKA 
RAJASTHAN 
TESTS PER MILLION POPULATION

Stages of spread of Coronavirus

There are Four states of the spread of the disease:

  • Stage 1 is getting imported cases
  • Stage 2 is local transmission
  • Stage 3 is community transmission
  • Stage 4 is when it turns into an epidemic.
Machine generated alternative text:
01 
02 
03 
04 
Imported 
Cases 
Local Transmission 
Community Transmission 
Epidemic 
INDIA 
ITALY 
CHINA
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