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Jobs increased by 29% since 2013, says survey

Context:

The All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES), in a report released recently, said that the overall employment numbers had increased by 29% from the base year of 2013-14.

Relevance:

GS-III: Indian Economy (Human Resource, Employment and related issues)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About the QES report
  2. Highlights of the Labour and Employment Minister’s QES report

About the QES report

  • The Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) is a report of the All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES) prepared by the Labour Bureau.
  • There are two components under AQEES, Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) and Area Frame Establishment Survey (AFES).
  • The QES report covers about 10,500 firms that employed more than 10 workers and were spread over nine sectors that account for 85% of the total employment in such establishments.
  • The nine selected sectors are 1- Manufacturing, 2- Construction, 3- Trade, 4- Transport, 5- Education, 6- Health, 7- Accommodation and Restaurant, 8- IT/BPO and 9- Financial Services. These sectors altogether account for a majority of the total employment in the non-farm establishments.
  • The AQEES has been taken up by the Labour Bureau to provide frequent (quarterly) updates about the employment and related variables of establishments, in both organised and unorganised segments of nine selected sectors.

Highlights of the Labour and Employment Minister’s QES report

  • The report says that the overall employment numbers had increased by 29% from the base year of 2013-14.
  • In the first quarter of this fiscal (April-June 2021), 27% of the establishments surveyed reported pandemic-related retrenchment.
  • Overall, employment stood at 3.08 crore in the first quarter, up from 2.37 crore as reported in the Sixth Economic Census (2013-2014).
  • All but two sectors — trade and accommodation & restaurants — saw an increase in employment over the period.
  • The number of female workers showed a decline too, from 31% in the Sixth Economic Survey to 29% as of the first quarter of the quarterly employment survey.

-Source: The Hindu

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September 2022
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