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LACK OF JOBS FORCES RURAL MIGRANTS TO SEEK FUTURE IN CITIES

Focus: GS-III Indian Economy

Why in news?

A survey of households from rural India across 11 states, to assess the impact of the lockdown and how the hinterland is unlocking, points towards reverse migration, prompted by absence of skilled employment in villages, and is reflected in nearly 2/3rd of migrants having either returned to cities or expressing the wish to do so.

Survey results show of return

  • The data shows that more than 1,000 households with migrants who were working in other cities, around 75% returned to their villages due to the circumstances arising out of the pandemic and that almost 30% have already returned to metros.
  • Also 45% of those still in the village think they will move back to the city.
  • While one-fourth of those back in cities are looking for work, there is better news with a drop-in number of people making do with fewer meals.
  • There is evidence that welfare nets are working as 85% accessed the public distribution system.
  • The survey, however, shows only 38% recieved transfers under the PM Kisan scheme.

-Source: Times of India

February 2023
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