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Mental Health Initiatives in India

Context:

Recently, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has shed light on the initiatives aimed at addressing mental health concerns in the country.

Relevance:

GS II: Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Highlighted Mental Health Initiatives in India

Highlighted Mental Health Initiatives in India:

National Mental Health Programme (NMHP):
  • Initiated in 1982, restructured in 2003.
  • Aims to modernize mental health facilities and upgrade psychiatric wings in medical institutions.
  • District Mental Health Programme (DMHP) since 1996 focuses on community mental health services in 716 districts.
  • Provides outpatient services, counselling, psycho-social interventions, and support for severe mental disorders at primary healthcare level.
National Tele Mental Health Programme:
  • Launched in October 2022 to improve access to mental health counselling and care services.
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, coordinates Tele MANAS activities across India.
  • 25 States/UTs have established 36 Tele Mental Health and Normalcy Augmentation Systems (MANAS) Cells.
  • Handled a total of 63,806 calls on the helpline number.
NIMHANS and iGOT-Diksha Collaboration:
  • NIMHANS provides psychosocial support and training through the iGOT-Diksha platform.
  • Online training for health workers conducted on the iGOT-Diksha platform.
Ayushman Bharat – HWC Scheme:
  • Part of the Ayushman Bharat Programme.
  • Aims to provide a wide range of services, including preventive, promotive, curative, rehabilitative, and palliative care.
  • Operational guidelines on Mental, Neurological, and substance use disorders (MNS) at Health and Wellness Centres (HWC) under Ayushman Bharat.
Addressing Pandemic-Induced Mental Health Challenges:
  • Establishment of a 24/7 helpline for psychosocial support.
  • Issuance of guidelines and advisories for various societal groups.
  • Advocacy through diverse media platforms to manage stress and anxiety.
Financial Support for Mental Health Institutions:
  • District Mental Health Programme receives a fund allocation of Rs. 159.75 Crore for States/UTs under the National Health Mission for 2022-23.

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