Focus: GS II- Welfare schemes
Why in News?
Recently, the Ministry of Women and Child Development has issued detailed guidelines for the ‘Mission Shakti’ scheme.
About Mission Shakti
- Over the course of the 15th Finance Commission, from 2021–2022 to 2025–2026, “Mission Shakti” was introduced.
- As an umbrella programme for the implementation of women’s protection, security, and empowerment, Mission Shakti is an integrated initiative for women’s empowerment.
- It serves to protect and secure women.
- It combines the One Stop Center (OSC), Women Helpline (WHL), and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) programmes with the addition of Nari Adalats, women’s collectives that support and encourage gender justice and alternative dispute resolution in families and society.
- It is intended to empower women.
- It includes modified versions of the former Ujjwala, Swadhar Greh, and Working Women Hostel programmes.
- Samarthya currently includes the already-existing programmes such as the National Creche Scheme for children of working mothers and the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) under the umbrella of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS).
- The Samarthya Scheme now includes a new Gap Funding for Economic Empowerment component.
Objectives of Mission Shakti
- Provide immediate and comprehensive continuum of care, support and assistance to women affected by violence and for those in distress.
- To put in place quality mechanisms for rescue, protection and rehabilitation of women in need of assistance and victims of crime and violence.
- To improve accessibility to various government services available for women at various levels.
- Making people aware about Government schemes and programmes as well as legal provisions to fight social evils like dowry, domestic violence, Sexual Harassment at Workplace and to promote gender equality etc.
- Collaboration with partner Ministries/ Departments/ States/ UTs for convergence of policies, programmes/ schemes and to create an enabling environment for public private partnership for safety and empowerment of women across sectors.
- To prevent gender-biased sex selective elimination; to ensure survival, protection,education and development of the girl child.
- It also seeks to reduce the care burden on women and increase female labour force participation by promoting skill development, capacity building, financial literacy, access to microcredit etc.