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Oedocladium Sahyadricum

Context:

A group of phycologists from the Department of Botany at Catholicate College in Pathanamthitta has discovered a new algal species in the Western Ghats.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Oedocladium sahyadricum: An Overview

Introduction:
  • New Algal Species: Oedocladium sahyadricum.
  • Name Origin: ‘Sahyadricum’ refers to the Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri, known for its rich plant diversity and ideal conditions for terrestrial microalgae growth.
Features:

Dioecious and Terrestrial:

  • Morphology: Superior operculum, ellipsoid oogonium, and oospore.

Appearance:

  • Found as thin mats of elongated strands on damp soil.
  • Velvety green, turning yellowish-green as it matures.
  • Likely thrives in rainy weather.
  • Significance: First species in the Oedocladium category recorded in Kerala.
Practical Applications:

Medicine and Agriculture:

  • Natural Pigment Production: Astaxanthin, known for unique biological activities and health benefits.

Ecosystem Role:

  • Economic Importance: High-value products and wastewater treatment.

-Source: The Hindu


June 2024
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