- Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India
Focus: GS 3 ;Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
Why in News?
LAUNCH OF 2nd PROJECT 17A SHIP ‘HIMGIRI’
- The ‘Himgiri’, the first of the three Project 17A ships being built at M/s Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata.
- The Nilgiri-class frigate or Project 17A is a follow-on of the Project 17 Shivalik-class frigate for the Indian Navy.
- A total of seven ships will be built at Mazagon Dock and GRSE.
- The ships have been named after the first major warships to be built in India, which in turn were named after hill ranges in India.
- The launch of ‘Himgiri’ has showcased GRSE’s commitment towards the building of three state-of-the-art warships of P17A for Indian Navy.
- Over the years, GRSE has emerged as a leading shipyard having built over 100 ships.
- The yard has scaled up its infrastructure and skill sets to meet new challenges in building of P17A ships.
- The P17A ships are the first gas turbine propulsion and largest combat platforms ever built at GRSE.
- Since its inception, Project 17A has upheld India’s vision for Atmanirbhar Bharat.
- The P17A ships have been indigenously designed by Directorate of Naval Design (Surface Ship Design Group) – DND(SSG), and are being built at indigenous yards namely MDL and GRSE.
- The Project 17A ships are sourcing 80% of the material/ equipment required for the project from indigenous vendors and with employment generation for over 2000 Indian firms and MSMEs within the country.
- The Modular construction of the ship through outsourcing, and integrated construction methodology are being used to enhance GRSE’s productivity for delivery of ship targeted in August 2023.
VISION 2035: PUBLIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE IN INDIA
Focus: GS 2 ;Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Why in News?
NITI Aayog releases ‘Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India’
About VISION 2035 : PUBLIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE IN INDIA
- The NITI Aayog released a white paper “Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India with the vision” as follows;-
- To make India’s public health surveillance system more responsive and predictive to enhance preparedness for action at all levels.
- The Citizen-friendly public health surveillance system will ensure individual privacy and confidentiality, enabled with a client feedback mechanism.
- To Improved data-sharing mechanism between Centre and states for better disease detection, prevention, and control.
- The India aims to provide regional and global leadership in managing events that constitute a public health emergency of international concern.
- It contributes by suggesting mainstreaming of surveillance by making individual electronic health records the basis for surveillance.
- The Public health surveillance (PHS) is an important function that cuts across primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of care.
- The Surveillance is ‘Information for Action’.
- The Covid-19 pandemic has provided us with an opportunity to revisit (re) emerging diseases due to increased interaction between human-animal-environment.
- Early identification of this interference is essential to break the chain of transmissions and create a resilient surveillance system. This vision document is a step in that direction, it articulates the vision and highlights the building blocks.
- It envisions a citizen-friendly public health system, which will involve stakeholders at all levels, be it individual, community, health care facilities or laboratories, all while protecting the individual’s privacy and confidentiality.’
- The white paper lays out India’s vision 2035 for public health surveillance through the integration of the three-tiered public health system into Ayushman Bharat.
- It also spells out the need for expanded referral networks and enhanced laboratory capacity.
- The building blocks for this vision are an interdependent federated system of governance between the Centre and states, a new data-sharing mechanism that involves the use of new analytics, health informatics, and data science including innovative ways of disseminating ‘information for action’.
- The paper released is envisaged to serve as a vision document to propel public health surveillance in India and establish India as a global leader in the area.