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PIB 14th December 2020

Contents

  1. HIMGIRI
  2. Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India

HIMGIRI

Focus: GS 3 ;Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Why in News?

LAUNCH OF 2nd PROJECT 17A SHIP ‘HIMGIRI’

About HIMGIRI

  • The ‘Himgiri’, the first of the three Project 17A ships being built at M/s Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE), Kolkata.
  • The Nilgiri-class frigate or Project 17A is a follow-on of the Project 17 Shivalik-class frigate for the Indian Navy.
  • A total of seven ships will be built at Mazagon Dock and GRSE.
  • The ships have been named after the first major warships to be built in India, which in turn were named after hill ranges in India. 
INDIA'S NEW 
WARSHIP 
The Nilgiri-class frigate will be Indian Navy's 
most-advanced stealth frigate project till date 
Project 17A 
Known as the 
Nilgiri-class 
frigate will have 
seven vessels: 
- INS Nilgiri 
- INS Himgiri 
- INS I-Jdayori 
- INS Dunagiri 
- INS Taragifi 
- INS Vindhyagiri 
- INS Mahendragiri 
_ Estimate d cost 
per vessel 
e4,ooo cr+ 
First ship: INS Nilgiri 
To be launched: 28 sep, 2019 
Commissioning expected: 2022 
What is a Frigate? 
multi-role naval warship 
that serves as a fleet protector 
and submarine hunter
  • The launch of ‘Himgiri’ has showcased GRSE’s commitment towards the building of three state-of-the-art warships of P17A for Indian Navy.
  • Over the years, GRSE has emerged as a leading shipyard having built over 100 ships.
  • The yard has scaled up its infrastructure and skill sets to meet new challenges in building of P17A ships. 
  • The P17A ships are the first gas turbine propulsion and largest combat platforms ever built at GRSE
FRICATE 
WARSHIP 
STRENGTH 
By country 
US 
22 
16 
Creece 
13 
COUNTRIES IN 
THE WORLD 
HAVE FRIGATES 
China 
Taiwan 
India 
13
  • Since its inception, Project 17A has upheld India’s vision for Atmanirbhar Bharat.
  • The P17A ships have been indigenously designed by Directorate of Naval Design (Surface Ship Design Group) – DND(SSG), and are being built at indigenous yards namely MDL and GRSE. 
  • The Project 17A ships are sourcing 80% of the material/ equipment required for the project from indigenous vendors and with employment generation for over 2000 Indian firms and MSMEs within the country.
  • The Modular construction of the ship through outsourcing, and integrated construction methodology are being used to enhance GRSE’s productivity for delivery of ship targeted in August 2023.

VISION 2035: PUBLIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE IN INDIA

Focus: GS 2 ;Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Why in News?

NITI Aayog releases ‘Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India’

About VISION 2035 : PUBLIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE IN INDIA

  • The NITI Aayog  released a white paper “Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India with the vision” as follows;-
  1. To make India’s public health surveillance system more responsive and predictive to enhance preparedness for action at all levels.
  2. The Citizen-friendly public health surveillance system will ensure individual privacy and confidentiality, enabled with a client feedback mechanism.
  3. To Improved data-sharing mechanism between Centre and states for better disease detection, prevention, and control.
  4. The India aims to provide regional and global leadership in managing events that constitute a public health emergency of international concern.
University 
e'Manit0ba 
VISION 2035 
PUBLIC HEALTH 
SURVEILLANCE IN INDIA 
A WHITE PAPER
  • It contributes by suggesting mainstreaming of surveillance by making individual electronic health records the basis for surveillance.
  • The Public health surveillance (PHS) is an important function that cuts across primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of care.
  • The Surveillance is ‘Information for Action’.
  • The Covid-19 pandemic has provided us with an opportunity to revisit (re) emerging diseases due to increased interaction between human-animal-environment.
  • Early identification of this interference is essential to break the chain of transmissions and create a resilient surveillance system. This vision document is a step in that direction, it articulates the vision and highlights the building blocks.
  • It envisions a citizen-friendly public health system, which will involve stakeholders at all levels, be it individual, community, health care facilities or laboratories, all while protecting the individual’s privacy and confidentiality.’
  • The white paper lays out India’s vision 2035 for public health surveillance through the integration of the three-tiered public health system into Ayushman Bharat.
  • It also spells out the need for expanded referral networks and enhanced laboratory capacity.
  • The building blocks for this vision are an interdependent federated system of governance between the Centre and states, a new data-sharing mechanism that involves the use of new analytics, health informatics, and data science including innovative ways of disseminating ‘information for action’.
  • The paper released is envisaged to serve as a vision document to propel public health surveillance in India and establish India as a global leader in the area.
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